Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

Browse the collection


Sorted by cause of death

Mary Evans

Place of birth: Trawsfynydd, 1890?

Service: Agricultural student

Notes: Mary Evans was the sister of the poet Hedd Wyn, Ellis Humphrey Evans. She was studying at Madryn Agricultural College, near Pwllheli. This letter, written in Autumn 1917, asks for money, talks about her life, and expresses hiraeth for her late brother.

Reference: WaW0097

Letter from Mary Evans to her parents 1

Mary Evans letter 1

Letter from Mary Evans to her parents 1

Letter from Mary Evans to her parents 2

Mary Evans letter 2

Letter from Mary Evans to her parents 2


Letter from Mary Evans to her parents 3

Mary Evans letter 3

Letter from Mary Evans to her parents 3

Translation of Mary Evans's letter into English

Mary Evans letter English

Translation of Mary Evans's letter into English


Annie M Evans

Place of birth: Cwmdare c.1872

Service: Nurse, SWH, 1915 - 1916

Notes: Formerly matron of Blackburn Fever Hospital, Annie Evans joined the Scottish Women's Hospital at Valjevo in Serbia in 1915. She and the unit in which she served were taken as prisoners of war by the Austrians on 10th November 1915. After months of badgering by Dr Alice Hutchinson, head of the unit, she and 32 others were repatriated to Britain.

Sources: http://scottishwomenshospitals.co.uk/women/

Reference: WaW0111


Gertrude Fairclough

Place of birth: Lancashire, 1880

Service: Wife and Mother

Notes: Gertrude Fairclough was the wife of Major Rowland Fairclough, Royal Welch Fusiliers, and spent her married life in Mold, Flintshire. Family traditions says that once her husband had joined his regiment in France (despite being 48 in 1914), she moved into a hotel.

Reference: WaW0076

Gertrude Fairclough née Appleby, wife of Major Rowland Fairclough, Royal Welch Fusiliers.

Gertrude Fairclough c.1915

Gertrude Fairclough née Appleby, wife of Major Rowland Fairclough, Royal Welch Fusiliers.


Jane Fisher

Place of birth: Kidwelly

Service: Munitions Worker

Notes: aged 55, awarded MOBE for 'courage in assisting to stop a fire in an explosives factory at considerable danger to her life'.

Sources: The Carmarthen Journal and South Wales Weekly Advertiser;

Reference: WaW0019

report of presentation in The Carmarthen Journal and South Wales Weekly Advertiser 19th April 1918

Newspaper report

report of presentation in The Carmarthen Journal and South Wales Weekly Advertiser 19th April 1918


Elizabeth Foulkes

Service: Munitions Worker

Memorial: Cenotaph, Swansea, Glamorgan

Notes: aged 28; buried St Michael's Ammanford

Reference: WaW0022

Name of Elizabeth Foulkes on Swansea Cenotaph

Swansea Cenotaph

Name of Elizabeth Foulkes on Swansea Cenotaph


Olive Francis

Service: Peace Campaigner

Sources: Pioneer 28 Gorffennaf 1917

Reference: WaW0023

Advertisement for meeting in connection with the Women's Peace Crusade, Pioneer 28 July 1917

Newspaper advertisement

Advertisement for meeting in connection with the Women's Peace Crusade, Pioneer 28 July 1917


Dorothy Gibbon

Place of birth: Clydach

Service: Nurse, VAD, 1918

Notes: Dorothy Gibbons, a school teacher, worked as a VAD at Quarr Auxiilary Hospital, Clydach, Swansea Valley. She married Benjamin Clatworthy in 1923.

Reference: WaW0102

Dorothy Gibbon VAD


Benjamin Clatworthy


Red Cross record card for Dorothy Gibbon

Red Cross card

Red Cross record card for Dorothy Gibbon

Red Cross record card for Dorothy Gibbon

Red Cross card (reverse)

Red Cross record card for Dorothy Gibbon


Amy Goodwin

Place of birth: Cefn Mawr?

Service: Clerk, WAAC/QMAAC, 1917 - 1919

Notes: Amy Goodwin volunteered for the WAAC in 1917. After training at Kinmel Camp, Boddelwyddan, she was sent to Bourges in France to with the American Expeditionary Force as a book-keeper. Her collection of photographs from her time in France are deposited in West Glamorgan Archives.

Sources: http://www3.swansea.gov.uk/CalmView/Overview.aspx?s=Amy+Goodwin

Reference: WaW0123

Amy Goodwin in France, 1919

Amy Goodwin

Amy Goodwin in France, 1919

Certificate endorsing Amy Goodwin’s work at Bourges

Certificate

Certificate endorsing Amy Goodwin’s work at Bourges


New WAACs showing off their armbands

Armbands

New WAACs showing off their armbands

‘Jeff and Billie’ doing Sunday chores

QMAACs

‘Jeff and Billie’ doing Sunday chores


QMAACs in fancy dress, France 1919

Fancy dress

QMAACs in fancy dress, France 1919

Group of WAACs/QMAACs probably in Bourges

Marching

Group of WAACs/QMAACs probably in Bourges


WAAC Officers (‘Officials’) at Kinmel Camp, Bodelwyddan

WAAC Officers

WAAC Officers (‘Officials’) at Kinmel Camp, Bodelwyddan

Amy Goodwin (second left) and friends with American GIs.

QMAACs and GIs

Amy Goodwin (second left) and friends with American GIs.


Amy and a friend on a tour of the trenches, Baillie Fields, Soissons

Trenches tour 1

Amy and a friend on a tour of the trenches, Baillie Fields, Soissons

Amy and a friend on a tour of the trenches, Baillie Fields, Soissons. There is a German corpse in the foreground.

Trenches tour 2

Amy and a friend on a tour of the trenches, Baillie Fields, Soissons. There is a German corpse in the foreground.


Olivia Griffiths

Place of birth: Cilgerran

Service: Lecturer

Notes: Olivia Griffiths was an Assistant Lecturer in the Education department of Aberystwyth University in 1916. Later she moved on to Bangor Normal College (1920s).

Reference: WaW0081

Olivia Griffiths in academic dress, 1910. She obtained a first class degree in German at Aberystwyth University despite the death of her mother during the exam period

Olivia Griffiths in academic dress, c 1910 ; ; .

Olivia Griffiths in academic dress, 1910. She obtained a first class degree in German at Aberystwyth University despite the death of her mother during the exam period

Olivia Griffiths as a schoolgirl (standing next to the teacher) c.1905

Olivia Griffiths as a schoolgirl (standing next to the teacher)

Olivia Griffiths as a schoolgirl (standing next to the teacher) c.1905


Edith Haines (Spridgeon)

Service: Bus Conductress

Notes: Edith Haines was one of the first women bus conductresses in Swansea

Reference: WaW0074

Edith Haines in bus conductress's uniform

Edith Haines

Edith Haines in bus conductress's uniform

Edith Haines (née Spridgeon, right), with Maggie (unknown, left), and  Nellie Spridgeon centre

Edith Haines (right), with Maggie (unknown, left), and Nellie Spridgeon centre

Edith Haines (née Spridgeon, right), with Maggie (unknown, left), and Nellie Spridgeon centre



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