Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

Browse the collection


Sorted by cause of death

Gladys Irene Pritchard (née Harris)

Place of birth: Newport

Service: Munitions Worker

Death: TNT poisoning / Gwenwyno TNT

Notes: Gladys was a war widow aged 28. Her husband had been killed in July 1916. She had two small children. Her father was granted 2s a week for the upkeep of each child; the children also benefited from their father’s military pension.

Sources: http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums

Reference: WaW0045

Gladys’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee of the Imperial War Museum as part of its collection of women who died during the War.

Gladys Pritchard

Gladys’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee of the Imperial War Museum as part of its collection of women who died during the War.

Letter to the Secretary of the women’s collection from Gladys’s sister, Mrs Summerfield.

Letter

Letter to the Secretary of the women’s collection from Gladys’s sister, Mrs Summerfield.


Report of maintenance grant to Gladys’s father, Joseph Harris, for the upkeep of her children.  Weekly Argus 11th November 1916.rn

Newspaper report

Report of maintenance grant to Gladys’s father, Joseph Harris, for the upkeep of her children. Weekly Argus 11th November 1916.rn


May (Mary) Prosser

Place of birth: Gilwern

Service: Munitions Worker, 1916 - 1917

Death: 1917-04-03, Rochdale, TNT poisoning / Gwenwyno TNT

Memorial: Recreation Ground gates; Market hall, Christchurch Govilon, Govilon, Monmouthshire

Notes: May, born 1891, was the fourth daughter of a farm labourer and his wife. She followed two of her sisters into domestic service in Rochdale. She began munitions work late in 1916, but soon became ill with ‘toxic jaundice’ and died at her sister Margaret’s home in Rochdale. She was also sister of Nellie Prosser [qv].

Sources: Ryland Wallace: May Prosser, Munitionette. AMC/WAW Newsletter, June 2016

Reference: WaW0046

Name of May Prosser on memorial, Christchurch, Govilon

Christchurch, Govilon

Name of May Prosser on memorial, Christchurch, Govilon

Name of May Prosser on Govilon War Memorial

Govilon War Memorial

Name of May Prosser on Govilon War Memorial


Death notice of May Prosser, Abergavenny Chronicle, 13 Aprill 1917

Death Notice

Death notice of May Prosser, Abergavenny Chronicle, 13 Aprill 1917


Esther Devonald

Place of birth: Swansea

Service: Munitions Worker

Death: TNT poisoning/Gwenwyno gan TNT

Sources: http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums

Reference: WaW0009

Newspaper report of Inquest into death of munitions worker Esther Devonald

Newspaper report of Inquest

Newspaper report of Inquest into death of munitions worker Esther Devonald


Catherine (Kate ) Hill

Place of birth: Swansea

Service: Munitions Worker

Death: TNT poisoning/Gwenwyno TNT

Memorial: Cenotaph, Swansea, Glamorgan

Sources: http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums

Reference: WaW0025

Name of Catherine (Kate) Hill on Swansea Cenotaph

Swansea Cenotaph

Name of Catherine (Kate) Hill on Swansea Cenotaph


Margaret Morris

Place of birth: Swansea

Service: Widow, Mother, Munitions Worker

Death: --, Tawe Lodge, Swansea, Tuberculosis / Y diciau

Notes: Margaret Morris began work at NEF Pembrey after her soldier husband was killed in August 1916. There she is said to have contracted the tuberculosis from which she died. She left children aged 12, 8 and 2 and a half.

Reference: WaW0096

Account of death of Margaret Morris, Cambrian Daily Leader 30 April 1919

Death of Margaret Morris

Account of death of Margaret Morris, Cambrian Daily Leader 30 April 1919


Catherine J James

Place of birth: Llanelli

Service: Nurse, St Johns Ambulance

Death: 1919/12/04, Llanelli, Tuberculosis / Y diciáu

Memorial: Tabernacle Chapel, Llanelli, Carmarthenshire

Notes: Catherine was a member of the St John’s Ambulance. She served throughout the War, first in Porthcawl and then in Stebonheath, Llanelli (where she may have contracted the TB that killed her aged 28.) Her name appears on the war memorial plaque in Tabernacl Chapel, Llanelli.

Sources: https://www.wwwmp.co.uk/carmarthenshire-memorials/llanelli-tabernacl-chapel-war-memorial

Reference: WaW0404

Catherine James’s name on the memorial plaque in Tabernacl Chapel, Llanelli.

War Memorial

Catherine James’s name on the memorial plaque in Tabernacl Chapel, Llanelli.


Ethel Annie Llewelyn

Place of birth: Beaufort

Service: Nurse, 1914 - 1918

Death: 13/04/1921, Llangwyfan Welsh National Memorial Sanatorium, Tuberculosis/Twbercwlosis

Memorial: St David’s Church, Beaufort, Brecknockshire

Notes: Born 1895, Ethel was the daughter of the Vicar of Beaufort. She worked at the Welsh Hospital, Netley, Southampton. It may have been there that she contracted TB. She was buried in Llangwfan churchyard.

Sources: http://firstworldwar.gwentheritage.org.uk/content/catalogue_item/ethel-annie-llewelyn-memorial-plaque

Reference: WaW0161

Memorial to Ethel Annie Llewelyn

Memorial, St David’s Church, Beaufort.

Memorial to Ethel Annie Llewelyn


Mabel Dearmer

Place of birth: Llanbleblig, 1872

Service: Volunteer, Red Cross/Y Groes Goch

Death: 1915-07-11, Serbia, Typhus/Pneumonia Teiffws/ Niwmonia

Notes: Mabel Dearmer, born 1872, was a successful writer, dramatist and illustrator of adult and children’s books. She and her husband the Rev Percy Dearmer were both pacifists and supporters of the Church League for Women’s Suffrage. When her husband accepted a post as chaplain to the British Red Cross in Serbia, she volunteered to go too, and died in July 1915. Her letters home were published posthumously as ‘Letters from a Field Hospital’.

Sources: http://britishlibrary.typepad.co.uk/untoldlives/2014/08/mabel-dearmer-in-serbia.html https://www.amazon.com/Letters-field-hospital-Mabel-Dearmer/dp/117677140X#reader_117677140X

Reference: WaW0092

Grave, on the left, of Mabel Dearmer, Kragujevac Central Cemetery, Serbia

Mabel Dearmer's grave, left.

Grave, on the left, of Mabel Dearmer, Kragujevac Central Cemetery, Serbia

Mabel’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee of the Imperial War Museum as part of its collection of women who died during the War

Mabel Dearmer

Mabel’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee of the Imperial War Museum as part of its collection of women who died during the War


One of Mabel Dearmer’s characteristic children’s book illustrations, 1901rnrn

Book illustration

One of Mabel Dearmer’s characteristic children’s book illustrations, 1901rnrn


Margaret (Maggie) Mary Evans

Place of birth: Pwllheli ?

Service: Nurse, VAD, March 1914 – July 1918 / Maw

Death: 1918/07/20, RN Hospital, Plymouth, Ubknown / Anysbys

Memorial: War Memorial, Pwllheli, Caernarvonshire

Notes: Maggie Evans volunteered part-time for the VAD until 1917, when she was posted to the RC Hospital Porthmadoc, and then in 1918 to the Royal Naval Hospital, Plymouth where she died. A letter about Maggie’s death from Mildred Lloyd Hughes [qv] the Sister in charge was published in Yr Udgorn 7th August 1918 (in English).

Reference: WaW0176

Maggie Evans in uniform

Margaret (Maggie) Mary Evans

Maggie Evans in uniform

Name of Miss Margaret M Evans with other nurses in the Welsh Book of Remembrance

Welsh Book of Remembrance

Name of Miss Margaret M Evans with other nurses in the Welsh Book of Remembrance


Red Cross record card for Margaret M Evans

Red Cross card

Red Cross record card for Margaret M Evans

Red Cross record card for Margaret M Evans (reverse)

Red Cross card (reverse)

Red Cross record card for Margaret M Evans (reverse)


Letter to Women’s Work Sub Committee, Imperial War Museum, from Maggie’s mother, August 1918

Letter

Letter to Women’s Work Sub Committee, Imperial War Museum, from Maggie’s mother, August 1918

Second letter to Women’s Work Sub Committee, Imperial War Museum, from Maggie’s mother, April 1919

Letter

Second letter to Women’s Work Sub Committee, Imperial War Museum, from Maggie’s mother, April 1919


Letter to Women’s Work Sub Committee, Imperial War Museum, from C Hall, April 1919

Letter

Letter to Women’s Work Sub Committee, Imperial War Museum, from C Hall, April 1919

A letter about Maggie’s death from the Sister in charge was published in Yr Udgorn 7th August 1918

Letter

A letter about Maggie’s death from the Sister in charge was published in Yr Udgorn 7th August 1918


Grave of Maggie Evans VAD, Pwllheli cemetery. Thanks to Wayne Bywater

Grave

Grave of Maggie Evans VAD, Pwllheli cemetery. Thanks to Wayne Bywater


Lilian Kate Jones

Place of birth: Newport

Service: Nurse, VAD

Death: 1916/06/06, Unknown/Anhysbys

Notes: Lilian joined the VAD in August 1915, aged 35. She worked at 2nd South General Military Hospital in Bristol, where she had family connections.

Reference: WaW0143

Grave of Lilian Jones, St Woolos, Newport

Grave of Lilian Jones

Grave of Lilian Jones, St Woolos, Newport

name of Lilian Jones, Welsh National Book of Remembrance

Welsh National Book of Remembrance

name of Lilian Jones, Welsh National Book of Remembrance


Red Cross card for Lilian Jones

Red Cross record card

Red Cross card for Lilian Jones

Red Cross card for Lilian Jones

Red Cross record card (reverse)

Red Cross card for Lilian Jones



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