Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

Browse the collection


Sorted by name

Minnie Bevan

Place of birth: Swansea

Service: Munitions Worker

Notes: Suffered from shock but survived the accident that killed Gwendoline (Gwenllian) Williams and Sarah Jane Thomas 8th January 1919

Reference: WaW0085

Minnie Bevan mentioned in a newspaper report, Carmarthen Journal Jan 1919

Newspaper report of explosion

Minnie Bevan mentioned in a newspaper report, Carmarthen Journal Jan 1919


Helen Beveridge

Place of birth: Abergavenny ?

Service: Nurse, Scottish Womens Hospitals, November 1916 - September 1919

Notes: Born in 1887, Helen volunteered for the Scottish Women’s Hospitals on November 1916, and left immediately for Salonika. She remained in Serbia until she was invalided home in the summer of 1919. She was awarded the medal of the Royal Serbian Red Cross for her work there.

Reference: WaW0274

Red Cross record for Helen Beveridge

Red Cross record card

Red Cross record for Helen Beveridge

Red Cross record for Helen Beveridge (reverse)

Red Cross record card (reverse)

Red Cross record for Helen Beveridge (reverse)


Report of a gift of a wrist watch to Helen Beveridge at Frogmore St Baptist Church. Abergavenny Chronicle 24th November 1916.

Newspaper report

Report of a gift of a wrist watch to Helen Beveridge at Frogmore St Baptist Church. Abergavenny Chronicle 24th November 1916.

Report of Helen’s return from Serbia. Abergavenny Chronicle 26th September 1919

Newspaper report

Report of Helen’s return from Serbia. Abergavenny Chronicle 26th September 1919


Maisie Bowcott

Place of birth: Abergavenny

Service: Nurse, VAD, 1918/07/01 - 1919

Notes: Maisie Bowcott worked in English hospitals, first in Wimborne, Dorset, and then at the Military Hospital, Tidworth, Hants.

Reference: WaW0155

Red Cross Card in name of Maisie Bowcott

Red Cross card

Red Cross Card in name of Maisie Bowcott

Red Cross Card in name of Maisie Bowcott (reverse)

Red Cross card (reverse)

Red Cross Card in name of Maisie Bowcott (reverse)


Frances Ethel Brace

Place of birth: Manorbier

Service: Nurse, QAIMNS, 16/06/1916

Death: 1916-09-21, Military Hospital, Malta, Malaria

Memorial: War Memorial, Cosheton; Llanelwy, Pembrokshire, Flintshire

Notes: Frances Brace trained at Carmarthen Infirmary, and joined QAIMNS in 1916. She was posted to Salonika as a staff nurse. There she contracted malaria and dysentery, and was transferred to Malta. She died there on 2ist September 1916, aged 30.

Sources: http://www.wwwmp.co.uk/pembrokeshire-war-memorials/;http://www.flintshirewarmemorials.com/memorials/st-asaph-memorial/st-asaph-cathedral-welsh-nurses-ww1/brace-frances-ethel/

Reference: WaW0001

Frances Ethel Brace's name on War Memorial, Cosheston

Cosheton War Memorial

Frances Ethel Brace's name on War Memorial, Cosheston

Died in Military Hospital, Malta

Memorial plaque in Malta

Died in Military Hospital, Malta


Frances Ethel Brace and a colleague

Frances Ethel Brace on the left

Frances Ethel Brace and a colleague

Frances Ethel Brace's name on the Nurses' Memorial, St Asaph

Nurses

Frances Ethel Brace's name on the Nurses' Memorial, St Asaph


Nurse Frances Ethel Brace before she joined QAIMNS

Frances Ethel Brace

Nurse Frances Ethel Brace before she joined QAIMNS

Report of the death of Frances  Ethel Brace, Herald of Wales 30th September 1918

Newspaper report

Report of the death of Frances Ethel Brace, Herald of Wales 30th September 1918


Annie Matilda Breeze

Place of birth: Machynlleth

Service: Nurse, TFNS ?, 1914 -

Notes: Annie Breeze probably trained in London, as her name appears at number 1 on the Roll of Honour at the Welsh Chapel, King’s Cross. She worked in hospitals in Aldershot before leaving for France in 1916. She was awarded the Royal Red Cross that year.

Reference: WaW0196

Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London

Roll of Honour

Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London

Annie Breeze’s name on Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London

Annie Breeze’s name on Roll of Honour

Annie Breeze’s name on Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London


Report concerning Annie Breeze, Cambrian News and Merioneth Standard 3rd November 1916

Newspaper report

Report concerning Annie Breeze, Cambrian News and Merioneth Standard 3rd November 1916


Annie Elizabeth (Nancy) Brewer (Mistrick)

Place of birth: Newport

Service: Nurse, Fondation Baye

Death: 1921/01/30, Newport, Brights disease

Notes: Annie Brewer, also known as Nancy, was born in 1874. Her father worked in the Dos Road Nail factory. She qualified in ‘the nursing and attendance of insane persons’ in 1899. After a few years working in hospitals she seems to have become a nurse/companion, travelling to many parts of Europe. At the outbreak of War she joined a private French hospital and ambulance organisation, the Fondation Baye, and worked as part of the Fondation in many war zones of France. She was wounded when her ambulance was bombed, and also suffered serious illness. She remained in France in the Army of Occupation until late 1920. She was decorated several times by the French government, including two awards of the Croix de Guerre and also the Legion d’Honnour. During her time in France she also married a young ambulance driver, Daniel Mistrick. She returned to Newport early in 1921 to nurse her mother, but died very shortly afterwards. Annie took many photographs of her time in France, and was also frequently photographed by others. A selection can be seen below.

Sources: www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/wales/authors/88112f9c-1724-34e3-8c65-6d48968dc06b22cb34378481r_date%22%20and%20%28gallica%20all%20%22nancy%20Brewer%22%29

Reference: WaW0187

Photograph of Annie (Nancy) taken in Torquay, 13 . 3 . 15

Annie (Nancy) Brewer

Photograph of Annie (Nancy) taken in Torquay, 13 . 3 . 15

Annie Brewer beside an ambulance possibly driven by Daniel Mistrick

Annie Brewer and ambulance

Annie Brewer beside an ambulance possibly driven by Daniel Mistrick


Annie Brewer giving an anaesthetic in a camp operating theatre.

Annie in the operating theatre

Annie Brewer giving an anaesthetic in a camp operating theatre.

Announcement in the Journal Officiel de la Republique Français, 17th December 1917: Miss BREWER (Nancy), voluntary nurse in the de Baye unit, at the hospital at Dugny: a highly skilled nurse whose moral strength and devotion have been conspicuously shown on many occasions, notably 18 August 1917 during the shelling of her ambulance. Gave on that day a magnificent example of coolness and of absolute disregard for danger, lavishing her care on the wounded while under enemy artillery fire.

Announcement of award of Croix de Guerre

Announcement in the Journal Officiel de la Republique Français, 17th December 1917: Miss BREWER (Nancy), voluntary nurse in the de Baye unit, at the hospital at Dugny: a highly skilled nurse whose moral strength and devotion have been conspicuously shown on many occasions, notably 18 August 1917 during the shelling of her ambulance. Gave on that day a magnificent example of coolness and of absolute disregard for danger, lavishing her care on the wounded while under enemy artillery fire.


Photograph by AB of a group of nurses looking up at a zeppelin flying over.

Nurses looking at a zeppelin

Photograph by AB of a group of nurses looking up at a zeppelin flying over.

AB’s photograph of a young man, possibly Daniel Mistrick, bathing in a river.

Young man bathing

AB’s photograph of a young man, possibly Daniel Mistrick, bathing in a river.


Annie Brewer in a snow covered dugout

Annie Brewer

Annie Brewer in a snow covered dugout

Announcement in the Journal Officiel de la Republique Français 22nd October 1920: Miss Brewer (Annie Elizabeth, Nancy), British, senior nurse in the unit of Mlle de rnBaye: has been with this at the Front since 1915, at Vitry-le-François, at Deuxnouds, before Beauzée, at Souilly, at Dugny; since the Armistice has been attached to the Army of Occupation, notably at Saarbrücken; taken ill in April 1918, has had to undergo a long period in hospital; scarcely able to return to duty, daily imposing on herself new tasks way beyond her strength; at present undergoing treatment in rnhospital in a condition that her doctors describe as extremely serious.

Announcement of award of Medaille de la Reconaissance français

Announcement in the Journal Officiel de la Republique Français 22nd October 1920: Miss Brewer (Annie Elizabeth, Nancy), British, senior nurse in the unit of Mlle de rnBaye: has been with this at the Front since 1915, at Vitry-le-François, at Deuxnouds, before Beauzée, at Souilly, at Dugny; since the Armistice has been attached to the Army of Occupation, notably at Saarbrücken; taken ill in April 1918, has had to undergo a long period in hospital; scarcely able to return to duty, daily imposing on herself new tasks way beyond her strength; at present undergoing treatment in rnhospital in a condition that her doctors describe as extremely serious.


May Brooks

Place of birth: Cardiff

Service: Worker, WAAC/QMAAC, 1917 - 1919

Notes: May Brooks was a clerk in a confectionary firm before joining the WAAC. She served at various places in the south of England. She contracted influenza, spending a week in hospital, and was discharged on compassionate grounds in June 1919. Image and information courtesy of Glamorgan Archives (DWESA6).

Sources: https://archifaumorgannwg.wordpress.com/

Reference: WaW0117

May Brooks in the outdoor uniform of the WAAC/QMAAC. Image courtesy of Glamorgan Archives

May Brooks, WAAC/QMAAC. Image courtesy of Glamorgan Archives

May Brooks in the outdoor uniform of the WAAC/QMAAC. Image courtesy of Glamorgan Archives


Gladys Butler

Place of birth: Valleys, 1914

Service: Small child

Notes: Gladys Butler had vivid memories of being dressed in a miniature soldier's uniform (c.1916/17) and being stood on a table. When admired as a 'smart soldier boy', she insisted 'I'm not a boy, I'm a girl!' (CF November 2014)

Reference: WaW0090


Edith Carbis

Place of birth: Cardiff

Service: Messenger, Girl Guides / Geidiau

Notes: Edith Carbis's photograph appeared in the 'Roath Road Roamer’, January 1915. She seems to have left school, and acted as a messenger for the Lady Mayoress.

Reference: WaW0094

Edith Carbis in Guide's uniform

Edith Carbis

Edith Carbis in Guide's uniform


Florence Missouri Caton

Place of birth: ‘at sea’ off Cuba

Service: Nurse, SWH, September 1915 – July 1917 /

Death: 1917/7/15, Salonika, Appendicitis / Llid y pendics

Notes: Florence Missouri Caton was born on board ship (possibly the source of her middle name, though no evidence has yet been found) in about 1876, to parents from Wrexham. A trained nurse, she worked in Lancashire before joining the Scottish Women’s Hospitals in 1915. She had two periods of work in the Balkans. Shortly after her arrival in 1915 her unit was captured by the Austrians, and released in December. In August she returned to Serbia, working in various hospitals and dressing stations until she died of appendicitis in July 1917. She is buried In Lembet Road Military Cemetery, Salonika.

Sources: http://scottishwomenshospitals.co.uk/

Reference: WaW0212

Florence Caton, Scottish Women's Hospitals

Florence Missouri Caton

Florence Caton, Scottish Women's Hospitals

Entry in Salonika (Lambert Road) grave register.

Grave Registration

Entry in Salonika (Lambert Road) grave register.


Report of death of Florence Caton, Y Brython, 30 August 1917. Translation: ‘Laying the nurse to rest. In faraway Serbia the remains of Nurse Caton of Wrexham were laid to rest. She had endeared herself to the wretched people of that country through her untiring labour of love in their midst. There is talk of erecting a white marble cross on her small grave.’

Newspaper report

Report of death of Florence Caton, Y Brython, 30 August 1917. Translation: ‘Laying the nurse to rest. In faraway Serbia the remains of Nurse Caton of Wrexham were laid to rest. She had endeared herself to the wretched people of that country through her untiring labour of love in their midst. There is talk of erecting a white marble cross on her small grave.’



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