Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

Browse the collection


Sorted by name

Daisy Colnett Spickett

Place of birth: Pontypridd

Service: Nurse, VAD

Notes: Daisy, a lawyer’s daughter, joined the VAD when it was formed in 1910. She served in hospitals in Wales and England, and on hospital ships. Follow the link for a very interesting interview with Daisy recorded 1974 (IWM). There are 8 reels of tape amounting to about 2 hours of recording.

Sources: http://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/80000510

Reference: WaW0128

Red Cross record card for Daisy Spickett (reverse)

Red Cross record card

Red Cross record card for Daisy Spickett (reverse)

Red Cross card for Daisy Spickett

Red Cross record card

Red Cross card for Daisy Spickett


Daisy Spickett in VAD uniform.

Daisy Spickett VAD

Daisy Spickett in VAD uniform.


Jane Charlotte Stapleton Cotton (née Methuen)

Service: WI President

Notes: Jane Stapleton was the wife of Col Richard Stapleton Cotton, a land-owner and keen promoter of agricultural and social improvements. He introduced the idea of forming a Women’s Institute in Llanfairpwll, Anglesey, after meeting the Canadian Mrs Margaret Watt, who was involved in early Women’s Institutes in Canada. The first institute opened in June 1915, with Jane Stapleton as President. The programme was very much dictated by Col Stapleton Cotton; he and his dog Tinker remain the only two males to have been full WI members.

Sources: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p01sdvv0; www.afwi.org.uk/the-first-wi-in-britain.html

Reference: WaW0241

Mrs Stapleton 1st President of Llanfairpwll Women’s Institute

Mrs Jane Stapleton Cotton

Mrs Stapleton 1st President of Llanfairpwll Women’s Institute

Col Stapleton Cotton and his dog Tinker were the only males ever to be full members of the Women’s Institute.

Col Stapleton Cotton and his dog Tinker

Col Stapleton Cotton and his dog Tinker were the only males ever to be full members of the Women’s Institute.


Report of Llanfairpwll WI’s first Annual Meeting. North Wales Chronicle 22nd Sept 1916

Newspaper report

Report of Llanfairpwll WI’s first Annual Meeting. North Wales Chronicle 22nd Sept 1916


Maud Starkie Bence

Place of birth: Suffolk

Service: Volunteer, 1914 - 1916

Death: 1916-06-01, Folkestone, Cause not known

Memorial: Memorial brass, St Brynach, Aberhonddu

Notes: Maud Starkie Bence was a former professional golfer, and friend of Lord Glanusk, Lord Lieutenant of Breconshire. At the outbreak of war she undertook registering all motor vehicles in the county for emergency use. Her first appeal was published 13th August 1914. By 20th August she had details of 552 vehicles, with 150 already offered. She went on to raise money for ‘comforts’ for the South Wales Borderers. When she died aged 48 in 1916 a plaque was erected in her memory by the South Wales Borderers.

Sources: The Brecon County Times Neath Gazette and General Advertiser for the Counties of Brecon Carmarthen Radnor Monmouth Glamorgan Cardigan Montgomery Hereford 10th September 1914; The Brecon County Times Neath Gazette and General Advertiser for the Counties of Brecon Carmarthen Radnor Monmouth Glamorgan Cardigan Montgomery Hereford 6th July 1916

Reference: WaW0057

Maud Starkie Bence playing golf c 1890

Maud Starkie Bence

Maud Starkie Bence playing golf c 1890

Plaque commemorating Maud Starkie Bence, St Brynach's Church, Llanfrynach

St Brynach's Church, Llanfrynach

Plaque commemorating Maud Starkie Bence, St Brynach's Church, Llanfrynach


Lizzie Dora Stephens

Place of birth: Y Trallwng

Service: Worker, QMAAC

Death: 1918-04-24, Cause not known

Memorial: War memorial, Y Trallwng, Montgomeryshire

Notes: aged 23, buried at Aldershot Military Cemetery

Sources: http://tanyabirnie.blogspot.it/2014/09/worker-m-f-brown.html

Reference: WaW0058

Name of Lizzie Dora Stephens, War Memorial Welshpool

War Memorial Welshpool

Name of Lizzie Dora Stephens, War Memorial Welshpool


Lily Stock

Place of birth: Pontypool

Service: Nurse, VAD, November 1917 – August 1919

Notes: Lily served with the VAD in Hospitals in Bristol and Colchester. She was paid, her pay rising from £12 per annum to £20 per annum. Her name appears on the Griffithstown Baptist Church Roll of Honour – possibly twice, as both Nurse Stock and Lily Stock are named. There are two sets of Red Cross cards, one naming Beatrice Lily Stock and one just Lily. Otherwise the details are the same.

Reference: WaW0416

Red Cross card with name Beatrice Lily

Red Cross record card

Red Cross card with name Beatrice Lily

Red Cross card with name Lily

Red Cross record card

Red Cross card with name Lily


Griffithstown Baptist Church Roll of Honour showing names of Nurse Stock and Lily Stock. Thanks to Gethin Matthews.

Griffithstown Baptist Church Roll of Honour

Griffithstown Baptist Church Roll of Honour showing names of Nurse Stock and Lily Stock. Thanks to Gethin Matthews.


May Stratford

Place of birth: Newport Monmouthshire

Service: Waitress, WRAF, February 1918 – September 19

Notes: May Stratford, born 1898, joined the WRAF in 1918. She seems to have served, as a waitress, in various RAF bases in South East England. She died in 1982

Reference: WaW0191

May Stratford in WRAF uniform. Also in the photograph is a coin engraved with her name and ‘WRAF’.

May Stratford

May Stratford in WRAF uniform. Also in the photograph is a coin engraved with her name and ‘WRAF’.

May Stratford’s discharge papers. September 1919

Discharge papers

May Stratford’s discharge papers. September 1919


Inside cover of May’s autograph book, showing where she served.

Autograph book

Inside cover of May’s autograph book, showing where she served.

Page of May Stratford’s autograph book with a drawing of a bi-plane.

Autograph book

Page of May Stratford’s autograph book with a drawing of a bi-plane.


Mary Sutherland

Place of birth: London

Service: Forester, WLA, 1916 -17

Death: 1955, Wellington, New Zealand, Cause not known

Notes: Mary Sutherland was the first woman in Britain to gain a degree in Forestry. She studied at University College, Bangor from 1912 to 1916. After graduation (in the same year as Mary Dilys Glynne and Violet Gale Jackson qv) she worked in the forestry division of the Women’s Land Army, and from 1917 as an assistant experimental officer for the Forestry Commission. Following the contraction of the Forestry Commission in 1922 she moved to New Zealand where she worked for the newly formed State Forest Service.

Sources: Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, 1998.

Reference: WaW0314

Report of Bangor graduates including Mary Sutherland, Violet Gale Jackson and Mary Glynne. North Wales Chronicle 7th July 1916.

Newspaper report

Report of Bangor graduates including Mary Sutherland, Violet Gale Jackson and Mary Glynne. North Wales Chronicle 7th July 1916.

Mary Sutherland in the 1920s in New Zealand. Te Amorangi Trust Museum.

Mary Sutherland

Mary Sutherland in the 1920s in New Zealand. Te Amorangi Trust Museum.


Emily Charlotte Talbot

Place of birth: London

Service: Heiress, philanthropist

Death: 1918/09/21, London, Cause not known

Notes: Emily, ‘Miss Talbot’ as she was always known, was born in 1840. She inherited a fortune from her father the landowner, industrialist and Liberal politician Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot. She spent much time at the family home at Margam, and was a generous, often anonymous, benefactor of many charities, often church-based. She was in poor health by the outbreak of the War and lived mostly in London; amongst her support 1914 – 18 was provision of furnished cottages for Belgian refugees, converting Penrice Castle for a hospital (and bearing the running costs) and founding a chair of Preventative Medicine at Cardiff University. She also financed Church halls and YMCA huts and books for the new Carnegie library in Port Talbot. In February 1917 she subscribed £80,000 to the War Loan, an extraordinary sum for a private individual. On her death she was reported as ’reputed to be Britain’s Wealthiest Lady’.

Reference: WaW0411

Photograph of Miss Talbot when younger. Her family were pioneers of Welsh photography.

Photograph of Miss Talbot

Photograph of Miss Talbot when younger. Her family were pioneers of Welsh photography.

Report of Miss Talbot’s accommodation for Belgian Refugees. South Wales Weekly Post 31st October 1914.

Newspaper report

Report of Miss Talbot’s accommodation for Belgian Refugees. South Wales Weekly Post 31st October 1914.


Report of Miss Talbot’s donation of library books. South Wales Weekly Post 13th March 1915.

Newspaper report

Report of Miss Talbot’s donation of library books. South Wales Weekly Post 13th March 1915.

Report of Miss Talbot’s endowment of £30,000 to endow a chair of preventive medicine at the Welsh School of Medicine. Cambria Daily Leader 16th January 1918.

Newspaper report

Report of Miss Talbot’s endowment of £30,000 to endow a chair of preventive medicine at the Welsh School of Medicine. Cambria Daily Leader 16th January 1918.


Report in Australian Newspaper of Miss Talbot’s purchase of War Bonds.

Newspaper report

Report in Australian Newspaper of Miss Talbot’s purchase of War Bonds.

Poster advertising War Bonds 1917

War Bonds poster

Poster advertising War Bonds 1917


Report of the death of Miss Talbot. The long article gives an account of her generosity. Cambria Daily Leader 28th February 1918.

Newspaper report

Report of the death of Miss Talbot. The long article gives an account of her generosity. Cambria Daily Leader 28th February 1918.


Annie Lillian Thomas (later McLoughlin)

Place of birth: Cwmyoy

Service: Postwoman, WAAC

Notes: Annie Thomas joined the WAAC in June 1918, aged 21. She had previously worked at the Royal Gwent Hospital as a waitress. She was posted to the Australian Military Hospital, Dartford. By the time she was discharged in July 1919 she was married, though nothing is known of her husband.

Sources: National Archives WO-398-153-8

Reference: WaW0305

Discharge order for Annie Macloughlin on compassionate grounds.

Discharge order

Discharge order for Annie Macloughlin on compassionate grounds.

Enrolment form for Annie Thomas. Her surname and marital status have been changed.rn

WAAC enrollment form

Enrolment form for Annie Thomas. Her surname and marital status have been changed.rn


Reference form for Annie Thomas.rnrn

Reference

Reference form for Annie Thomas.rnrn


Catherine Dorothy Thomas

Place of birth: Crai, Sennybridge

Service: Girl

Death: 1918-11-28, Influenza / Y Ffliw

Notes: Dorothy was the second to youngest of 8 children. Her mother died in 1912. The story goes that the family were struck by the great flu after WWI. Dorothy who was 21 years old at the time she looked after the family and nursed them back to health but in 1918 she succumbed and died that year on the 28th of November.' Catrin Edwards

Reference: WaW0105

Catherine Dorothy ‘Dollis’ Thomas, aged about 14. She seems to be wearing mourning, so it may have been taken in 1912 when her mother died.

Catherine Dorothy Thomas c.1912

Catherine Dorothy ‘Dollis’ Thomas, aged about 14. She seems to be wearing mourning, so it may have been taken in 1912 when her mother died.

Celia Janet (‘Sis’) Thomas and her older sister Polly. They seem to be wearing mourning, so it may have been taken in 1912 when their mother died.

Celia Janet (standing) and Polly Thomas, c.1912

Celia Janet (‘Sis’) Thomas and her older sister Polly. They seem to be wearing mourning, so it may have been taken in 1912 when their mother died.



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