Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

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Sorted by name

Alice Williams

Place of birth: Cardiff

Service: Nurse, French Red Cross / Y Groes Goch Ffrengig, 1915 - 1918

Notes: Alice Williams was a member of the French Red Cross and had a 'lifelong connection' with Roath Road Wesleyan Methodist Church, Cardiff. The Roath Road Roamer reported in June 1917 ‘Miss Williams has been in the thick of things – as a nurse for two years, and this is the first time she has left France. Much of her time she has spent within three miles of the German trenches so she knows something about things and has an interesting story to tell'. She is dressed here in the uniform of the French Red Cross. Image and information courtesy of Glamorgan Archives (DWESA6).

Sources: https://archifaumorgannwg.wordpress.com/

Reference: WaW0110

Alice Williams was a member of the French Red Cross working at field hospitals in France 1915 – 1918.

Alice Williams in French Red Cross uniform

Alice Williams was a member of the French Red Cross working at field hospitals in France 1915 – 1918.


Alice Helena Alexandra Williams (Alys Meirion)

Place of birth: Castell Deudraeth, Penrhyndeudraeth, Meirioneth

Service: Poet, dramatist, painter, suffragist, organiser, bard, editor.

Death: August / Awst 1957, London, Cause not known

Notes: Alice Williams, born in 1863, was the youngest of 12 children of David Williams, MP for Merioneth. Having to live at home as her mother’s companion she occupied herself in eisteddfodau, amateur dramatics and women’s suffrage. After her mother’s death, when Alice was forty, she divided much of her time between London and Paris, where she met her lifelong companion Fanny Laming. At the outbreak of the war they both worked for the International Red Cross in Geneva, but in 1915 she set up a bureau in Paris (and later London) to seek and disseminate news of persons missing as a result of the war. Later that year she became organising secretary for Wales of the French Wounded Emergency Fund. She was awarded the Médaille de la Reconnaissance Française in 1920. In 1916 she was founder/President of the fourth branch of the Women’s Institute in Wales (at Deudraeth), providing it with the hall which is still in use. She also was the founder editor of Home and Country, the WI magazine. At the 1917 Eisteddfod she was admitted (as a dramatic writer) to the Gorsedd of Bards, taking the bardic name Alys Meirion. Immediately after the war, in 1919, she and Fanny founded the residential Forum Club in London, a popular social space for women only, including Viscountess Rhondda.

Sources: http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s10-WILL-ALE-1863.html\r\nwww.thewi.org.uk/about-the-wi/history-of-the-wi/the-origins/alice-williams\r\nhttp://femalewarpoets.blogspot.co.uk/2013/09/todays-poet-is-welsh.

Reference: WaW0295

Alice Williams about 1930

Alice Williams

Alice Williams about 1930

Announcement of award of Médaille de la Reconnaissance Française to Alice Williams. Journal Officiel de la Republique Française 22nd October 1920rnrn

Award of Médaille de la Reconnaissance Française

Announcement of award of Médaille de la Reconnaissance Française to Alice Williams. Journal Officiel de la Republique Française 22nd October 1920rnrn


First edition of the WI magazine Home and Country, which was edited by Alice Williams. She is second from the right in the photograph. She also served as the WI Treasurer

Home and Country magazine

First edition of the WI magazine Home and Country, which was edited by Alice Williams. She is second from the right in the photograph. She also served as the WI Treasurer

Bookplate of the Forum Club, London, founded by Alice Williams and Fanny Lanbury.

Bookplate

Bookplate of the Forum Club, London, founded by Alice Williams and Fanny Lanbury.


Catherine Williams

Place of birth: Colwyn Bay

Service: Staff Nurse, QAIMNS

Death: 1919-08-04, Cause not known

Memorial: War memorial, Colwyn Bay, Caernarvonshire

Notes: aged 38. Buried Bron-y-Nant cemetery Colwyn Bay.

Sources: http://historypoints.org/index.php?page=colwyn-bay-memorial-fww-surnames-s-y

Reference: WaW0064

Name of Catherine Williams on Colwyn Bay War Memorial

War Memorial Colwyn Bay

Name of Catherine Williams on Colwyn Bay War Memorial


Ellen Myfanwy Williams

Place of birth: Cardigan

Service: Nurse, 1914 - 1915

Death: 1915-01-19, West Bromwich Hospital, Cause not known

Memorial: Cenotaph, Cardigan, Cardiganshire

Notes: aged 26. Buried Cardigan cemetery.

Sources: http://www.wwwmp.co.uk/ceredigion-war-memorials/

Reference: WaW0066

Name of Ellen Williams on St Mary's Church memorial, Cardigan

Nurse Williams

Name of Ellen Williams on St Mary's Church memorial, Cardigan


Elsie Williams

Place of birth: Abetillery ?

Service: Baling Hand, Women\\\'s Forage Corps

Notes: Elsie’s name appears on a list of names of women who died working in the Women’s Forage Corps. Her next of kin is given as Mrs Williams, 7 Cyrils Place, Abertillery. Nothing further is known of her.

Reference: WaW0223


Elsie Williams

Place of birth: Abertillery ?

Service: Baling Hand, Womens Forage Corps (WFC)

Notes: Elsie’s name appears on a list of names of women who died working in the Women’s Forage Corps. Her next of kin is given as Mrs Williams, 7 Cyril Place, Abertillery. Nothing further is known of her.

Reference: WaW0146

List of members of the WFC who died in service.

Nominal Roll

List of members of the WFC who died in service.


Elsie E Williams

Service: Munitions worker, Not known / anhysbys

Notes: Elsie Williams claimed that she was sexually assaulted on a train by a foreman at the same munitions factory, and became pregnant. The Court at Swansea agreed that he was the father of her child.

Reference: WaW0368

Report proving paternity of Elsie Williams’s baby. Herald of Wales 22nd December 1917.

Newspaper report

Report proving paternity of Elsie Williams’s baby. Herald of Wales 22nd December 1917.


Gwenllian (Gwendoline) Williams

Place of birth: Kidwelly

Service: Munitions worker

Death: 1919-01-08, Explosion/Ffrwydrad

Notes: aged 21. Evidence showed that the explosion occurred when Gwenllian Williams was drilling out a screw from a shell. Eleanor Thomas was carrying in a shell at the time of the explosion.'

Sources: http://newspapers.library.wales/search?query=gwenllian&page=14; The Carmarthen Journal and South Wales Weekly Advertiser

Reference: WaW0065

Newspaper report of the death of Gwenllian (Gwendoline) Williams

Newspaper report

Newspaper report of the death of Gwenllian (Gwendoline) Williams


Gwerfyl R Williams

Place of birth: Bangor

Service: Masseuse, 1919 -

Notes: Gwerfyl Williams was appointed masseuse at the Ministry of Pensions outpatients clinic in Bangor in October 1919.

Reference: WaW0419

Report of Gwerfyl’s appointment as masseuse in Bangor. North Wales Chronicle 31st October 1919

Newspaper report

Report of Gwerfyl’s appointment as masseuse in Bangor. North Wales Chronicle 31st October 1919


Gwladys Perrie Williams (Morris)

Place of birth: Llanrwst

Service: Educationalist, administrator, WLA

Death: 1958/07/13, Cause not known

Notes: Born 1889 to Welsh speaking parents, Gwladys was the star pupil at Llanrwst County (one of only two members of the 6th Form there), and a graduate of University College Bangor. She was awarded a fellowship to study mediaeval French at the Sorbonne, Paris, and received a DLitt in 1915. Her edition of Le Bel Inconnu (1929) is still read. Back in Wales 1917 she was appointed WLA organising inspector in South Wales. Gwladys was admitted to Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion in 1918. She published ‘Welsh Education in Sunlight & Shadow’ (1919), comparing Welsh and French Intermediate education based on her own experiences. It includes a large number of Central Welsh Board examination papers from Junior Certificate to degree level. She married in 1918 [Sir] Rhys Hopkins Morris, first head of BBC Wales and MP for Carmarthen West, but kept her own name professionally. They met at Bangor University.

Reference: WaW0415

Report showing Gwladys Perrie Williams’s school achievements. The Weekly News 27th December 1907.

Newspaper report

Report showing Gwladys Perrie Williams’s school achievements. The Weekly News 27th December 1907.

Report of Gwladys’ membership of the Society of Cymmrodorion.

Newspaper report

Report of Gwladys’ membership of the Society of Cymmrodorion.


Welsh Education in Sunlight & Shadow. Constable 1918.

Book

Welsh Education in Sunlight & Shadow. Constable 1918.

Gwladys’s edition of Le Bel Inconnu, 1991 printing.

Book

Gwladys’s edition of Le Bel Inconnu, 1991 printing.



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