Browse the collection
Sorted by name
Place of birth: Cardiff
Service: Waitress, QMAAC, 1918 -
Notes: Gladys Townsend and her sister Edith were associated with Roath Road Wesleyan Methodist Church, Cardiff. They described their early experiences in the Roath Roamer (Vol.44, p.6). After training they spent time near Woolwich (and experienced three air raids), before being sent north to Newcastle - 'very much like Cardiff'. Image and information courtesy of Glamorgan Archives (DWESA6).
Place of birth: Lancashire
Service: Worker, WAAC
Notes: Little is known about Nora Treadwell. She was brought up in Bryncoch, Glamorgan; her parents may have lived at Primrose Bank, Bryncoch.
Women's Army Auxiliary Corps postcard, 18 June 1918. This postcard was sent by Nora to her great grandmother Mrs Treadwell, from Plymouth where she was working at a convalescent hospital.
Caroline Pearse Tremain
Place of birth: not known
Service: Lecturer, College warden, University College Aberystwyth, 1914 - 1919+
Notes: Caroline Pearse Tremain was warden of Alexandra Hall, the women’s hall of residence at University College Aberystwyth, throughout the War years. She trained at the Cambridge Training College for Women under Elizabeth Phillips Hughes [qv], receiving a diploma with distinction. After some years teaching, Caroline took a BA in English at Aberystwyth, graduating in 1898. She was appointed Assistant Lecturer in Education at Aberystwyth in 1899, and became warden of Alexandra Hall in 1914. At the Hall she promoted many fund-raising events, from lectures to exhibitions, and encouraged the girls to do war-work with the VAD or other organisations, and in raising money (nearly £200 was raised for War Loan Certificates in 1918, and ‘some enterprising students undertook stone-picking and weeding’ to raise funds for War Weapons Week. She also was a major organiser for the Summer Schools arranged at the College each year.
Alexandra Hall, University College Aberystwyth.
Caroline Pearse Tremain was Warden here throughout WWI.
Report of Caroline’s appointment to the Department of Education. Cambrian News 2nd June 1899.
Report of Caroline Pearse Tremain’s opening address at a sale in aid of the YWCA. Cambrian News 6th November 1914.
Lecture on Combating Venereal Disease at Alexandra Hall. Caroline Pearse Tremain presided and over 400 women attended. Cambrian News 12 December 1919.
Mabel Mary Tunley
Place of birth: Pontypridd, 1870
Service: Acting Principal Matron, QAIMNS, 1903 - 1925
Notes: After serving in the Boer War, Mabel Tunley joined QAIMNS in 1903 as a staff nurse, rising to become Acting Principal Matron in France and Flanders during WWI. Among other awards, she received the Military Medal for 'exceptionally good work in assisting getting all the patients, 260, down to the cellars, so that when the Clearing Station was eventually hit not one of the patients received a scratch. Her cheeriness and courage were instrumental in keeping everyone who came in contact with her up to the mark. She was slightly wounded and remained at duty.' Bethune, 7th August 1916.
Margaret K Turner
Service: Chemistry demonstrator, University College Aberystwyth / Coleg Prifysgol A, 1915
Notes: Margaret was appointed Demonstrator in the Chemistry department of Aberystwyth University early in the war. She worked on the preparation of diethylamine, an inhibitor used in pharmaceuticals. At the end of this contract she wrote to the War Committee of the Institute of Chemistry ‘I can put all my time and energy at your service for the next 6 weeks, and am anxious to know whether the few helpers down here could not be allowed to contribute further to the needs of the country? I should be much obliged if you could inform me whether there is any other preparations we can make, as I, for one, am willing and eager to give up all ideas of holidays whilst there remains so much to be done’. We do not know if this offer was taken up.
Sources: Chemistry Was Their Life: Pioneer British Women Chemists 1880 – 1949. Marelene Rayner-Canham & Geoff Rayner-Canham Imperial College Press 2008
Place of birth: Cardiff
Service: Botanist, Volunteer, VAD
Notes: Eleanor was born in 1879, the daughter of a doctor. She became a noted botanist, and took over responsibility for the Department of Botany and the Herbarium at the National Museum of Wales in October 1914 when the Keeper joined his regiment. She also volunteered at the 3rd Western General Hospital, Cardiff. She became a VAD in 1918, dividing her time very strictly between the hospital and the museum. Eleanor Vachell died in 1948.
Hilda Campbell Vaughan (Morgan)
Place of birth: Builth Wells
Service: Cook, agricultural organiser, novelist, VAD, WLA, 1915 - 1919
Death: 1985, Cause not known
Notes: Hilda Vaughan, born 1892, was the daughter of a solicitor prominent in Brecknockshire and Radnorshire. Early in the war she joined the VAD as a cook at the Red Cross hospital in Builth but in 1917 left ‘to take up Land work with a salary’. During the time that she worked as a VAD, she took the lead in organising a free library for the town; it opened in November 1915. Hilda was already involved in encouraging women on to the land, and farmers to accept them. Her new position was organising secretary of the WLA in Breconshire and Radnorshire. After the war Hilda moved to London, married the novelist Charles Morgan, and began to write herself. Her work was much influenced by her experiences of meeting women of all backgrounds in the WLA.
First part of a report on the new Free Library in Builth. Brecon County Times 25th November 1915
Report of an open-air meeting in Brecon, publicising women and farm work. Brecon and Radnor Express 5th April 1917
Report of open-air meeting in Rhayadyr, commenting on Miss Vaughan’s ‘pleasing and persuasive …manner’. Brecon and Radnor Express 31st May 1917
Place of birth: Glamorganshire ? or London ?
Service: Teacher, activist
Notes: Jennie Vaughan was an assistant teacher at Garnant Council School; she was self-taught and had not been to training college. She may not have been a natural teacher. In 1915 she was punched by the mother of ‘the worst girl in the school’, a case that was reported at great length in the Amman Valley Chronicle and elsewhere. She also had a dispute with the school managers over her pay. Jennie was elected to the executive council of the Llanelly District Parliamentary Division Labour Party in April 1918, and made some speeches strongly in support of the Labour candidate in the 1918 general election.
Beginning of a long report on Jennie Vaughan’s assault case, The whole reported in the Amman Valley Chronicle 23rd September 1915, p 3, is over 4000 words.
Report of Jennie Vaughan’s speech supporting the Labour candidate. Amman Valley Chronicle 5th December 1918.
Ethel Vaughan Owen
Place of birth: Llanidloes
Service: Nurse, VAD
Notes: Ethel, a doctor’s daughter, joined the VAD in 1915. Her service included postings to the Hospital Ship Britannia and to Valletta Hospital, Malta, where she became seriously ill with dysentery, but recovered. Many did not. rn
Red Cross record card [reverse]
Red cross card for Ethel Vaughan Owen, showing her overseas service.rn
Place of birth: Cardiff
Service: Railway Worker, GWR
Notes: Lizzie Veal was associated with Roath Road Wesleyan Methodist Church, Cardiff.The Roath Road Roamer, published monthly from November 1914, contained information about women war workers as well as men. Lizzie was one of ‘our Lady Roamers’, featured in April 1919. At that time she would have been one of over 1000 women employed by the GWR as porters and ticket collectors. Image and information courtesy of Glamorgan Archives (DWESA6).
Lizzie Veal, Railway Worker
Lizzie Veal was a Great Western Railway worker. She may have been a porter or a ticket clerk.