Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

Browse the collection


Sorted by occupation

Jane E Jones

Place of birth: Tan-yr-Allt, Cynwyd

Memorial: War Memorial, Cynwyd, Merionethshire

Notes: Nothing is currently known of Jane E Jones.

Sources: http://www.clwydfhs.org.uk/cofadeiladau/cynwyd_wm.htm,http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=131503

Reference: WaW0144

Name of Jane E Jones on War Memorial, Cynwyd

War Memorial, Cynwyd

Name of Jane E Jones on War Memorial, Cynwyd


Eunice Thomas

Place of birth: Swansea ?

Memorial: Mynydd Bach Chapel, Swansea, Glamorgan

Notes: Nothing is known of Eunice Thomas, whose name appears on the Roll of Honour in Mynydd Bach Chapel, Swansea (60)

Reference: WaW0162

Record of the war service of Eunice Thomas, on the Roll of Honour of Mynydd Bach chapel, Swansea

Roll of Honour

Record of the war service of Eunice Thomas, on the Roll of Honour of Mynydd Bach chapel, Swansea


Nellie Jones

Place of birth: Angorfa, Holyhead

Memorial: Armenia Chapel, Holyhead, Anglesey

Notes: Nothing is known of Nellie Jones, whose name appears on the Roll of Honour in Armenia Chapel, Caergybi. Sister of Maggie Jones.

Sources: http://www.anglesey.info/holyhead-armenia-chapel-war-memorials.htm

Reference: WaW0166

Record of the war service of Nellie Jones on the Roll of Honour of Armenia Chapel Holyhead

Roll of Honour

Record of the war service of Nellie Jones on the Roll of Honour of Armenia Chapel Holyhead


Maggie Jones

Place of birth: Angorfa, Holyhead

Memorial: Armenia Chapel, Holyhead, Anglesey

Notes: Nothing is known of Maggie Jones, whose name appears on the Roll of Honour in Armenia Chapel, Caergybi. Sister of Nellie Jones

Sources: http://www.anglesey.info/holyhead-armenia-chapel-war-memorials.

Reference: WaW0169

Record of the war service of Maggie Jones, on the Roll of Honour of Armenia Chapel Holyhead

Roll of Honour

Record of the war service of Maggie Jones, on the Roll of Honour of Armenia Chapel Holyhead


Miss Williams (Mrs Fisher)

Place of birth: Abertillery

Notes: Miss Williams, also referred to in press reports as Mrs Fisher, sat at the base of the Abertillery War Memorial during its dedication on 1st December 1926. She was wearing the medals of her three soldier brothers who had been killed in France.

Sources: Angela Gaffney Aftermath: remembering the Great War in Wales University of Wales Press 1998; http://www.britishpathe.com/video/lord-allenby-unveils-abertillery-war-memorial/query/monuments

Reference: WaW0210

Miss Williams at the dedication of Abertillery War Memorial, 1st December 1926.

Abertillery War Memorial

Miss Williams at the dedication of Abertillery War Memorial, 1st December 1926.


Welsh Book of Remembrance /Llyfr Cofio Cenedlaetho

Memorial: The Temple of Peace, Cardiff, Glamorgan

Notes: The Welsh Book of Remembrance was created as a Roll of Honour to accompany the unveiling of the Welsh National War Memorial in Cathays Park, Cardiff, in 1928. It is an attempt to list all those ‘Men and Women of Welsh Blood or Parentage … Who Gave Their Lives in the War 1914 – 1918’. Before the opening of the Temple of Peace in 1938 the book was on display in the National Museum. A number of women are included: the stewardesses Hannah Owen and Louisa Parry who died when RMS Leinster was torpedoed in 1918; members of QMAAC Gertrude Dyer, Jean Roberts, Mary Elizabeth Smith and Lizzie Dora Stephens; and VADs Gladys Maud Jones, Gwynedd Llewellyn, Amy Curtis, Eva Davies, Margaret M Evans, Lilian Jones, Edith Tonkin, Jenny Williams and Frances Sprake Jones QAIMNS.rnIt is not clear why these particular women were chosen for inclusion. This site has the name of many women who could have been included. Additionally Gladys Maud Jones and Gwynedd Llewellyn, despite their names, had no recent connection with Wales.

Sources: http://www.walesforpeace.org/whybookofremembrance.html; https://www.llgc.org.uk/llyfrycofio

Reference: WaW0237

The Welsh Book of Remembrance, containing names of 35,000 service men and women who died during the Great War.

The Welsh Book of Remembrance

The Welsh Book of Remembrance, containing names of 35,000 service men and women who died during the Great War.


Gladys May Snell

Place of birth: Cadoxton, Barry

Notes: Gladys Snell was arrested on 7th May 1919 for the infanticide of her illegitimate 21 month-old son Ieuan Ralph. He had been drowned. She was sent for trial from the magistrates’ court to the Assize Court in Swansea. The jury there could not agree, and she then appeared at the November Assizes, where Gladys, then 19, was found guilty of manslaughter rather than murder. She was sentenced to nine months imprisonment. A number of well-wishers across S Wales, including the Boy Scouts, contributed to a fund to pay for her defence. The full story appears on the front page of the Cambrian Daily News, 25th July 1919.

Reference: WaW0364

Report of the arrest of Gladys May Snell for infanticide. Barry Dock News 9th May 1919.

Newspaper report

Report of the arrest of Gladys May Snell for infanticide. Barry Dock News 9th May 1919.

Letter appealing for defence funds for Gladys Snell. Barry Dock News 16th May 1919.

Newspaper letter

Letter appealing for defence funds for Gladys Snell. Barry Dock News 16th May 1919.


Donations to Gladys May Snell defence fund, Barry Dock News 27th June.

Defence fund accounts

Donations to Gladys May Snell defence fund, Barry Dock News 27th June.

Report of jury’s failure to agree a verdict. Cambria Daily Leader26th July 1919.

Newspaper report

Report of jury’s failure to agree a verdict. Cambria Daily Leader26th July 1919.


Newspaper report of jury’s verdict of manslaughter. Barry Dock News 7th November 1919.

Newspaper report

Newspaper report of jury’s verdict of manslaughter. Barry Dock News 7th November 1919.


Emily Frost Phipps

Place of birth: Devonport

Service: Teacher, activist, barrister

Death: 1943, Heart disease / Clefyd y galon

Notes: Born November 1865 and the daughter of a dockyard coppersmith, Emily Phipps worked her way from pupil teacher to headmistress of Swansea Municipal Girls’ School in 1895. She was an active feminist, boycotting the 1911 census with her partner Clara Neal (and three others, staying in a sea-cave overnight), was President of the National Union of Women Teachers 1915, 1916 and 1917, and was the editor of the Union journal. She promoted professional careers for girls, shocking some in March 1914 by suggesting that they could become dentists. Emily Phipps stood for Parliament, for Chelsea, in the 1918 election, one of only two women in Wales to stand. She later studied for the bar, and became a barrister in 1925.

Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emily_Frost_Phipps

Reference: WaW0247

Emily Phipps in academic dress

Emily Frost Phipps

Emily Phipps in academic dress

Headline to report of Emily Phipps’s speech at  Municipal Secondary Schools Prizegiving, 20th March 1914. Cambrian Daily Leader 21st March 1914rnrn

Newspaper headline

Headline to report of Emily Phipps’s speech at Municipal Secondary Schools Prizegiving, 20th March 1914. Cambrian Daily Leader 21st March 1914rnrn


Report on women candidates’ results in the 1918 General Election. Cambrian News and Merionethshire Standard 3rd January 1919.rn

Newspaper report

Report on women candidates’ results in the 1918 General Election. Cambrian News and Merionethshire Standard 3rd January 1919.rn


Mabel Mary Tunley

Place of birth: Pontypridd, 1870

Service: Acting Principal Matron, QAIMNS, 1903 - 1925

Notes: After serving in the Boer War, Mabel Tunley joined QAIMNS in 1903 as a staff nurse, rising to become Acting Principal Matron in France and Flanders during WWI. Among other awards, she received the Military Medal for 'exceptionally good work in assisting getting all the patients, 260, down to the cellars, so that when the Clearing Station was eventually hit not one of the patients received a scratch. Her cheeriness and courage were instrumental in keeping everyone who came in contact with her up to the mark. She was slightly wounded and remained at duty.' Bethune, 7th August 1916.

Sources: http://anurseatthefront.org.uk/names-mentioned-in-the-diaries/other-people/medical-colleagues/mabel-mary-tunley/

Reference: WaW0087

Matron Tunley

Mabel Mary Tunley

Matron Tunley

Matron Tunley (reverse)

Mabel Mary Tunley (reverse)

Matron Tunley (reverse)


Mathilde Augusta Lilian Laloe

Place of birth: Carmarthen

Service: Administrator, SWH, 1916 - 1920

Notes: Lilian Laloe was the daughter of Auguste Felix Laloe, a teacher from France who became headmaster of the Queen Elixabeth Grammar School in 1874. She joined the Scottish Womens Hospitals as a cook, but was rapidly promoted to Adminstrator.

Sources: http://scottishwomenshospitals.co.uk/women/

Reference: WaW0086

Lilian Laloe (rear, second left) with Doctors from the Scottish Women's Hospital, Salonika, 1917?.

Lilian Laloe (rear, second left).

Lilian Laloe (rear, second left) with Doctors from the Scottish Women's Hospital, Salonika, 1917?.



Administration