Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

Browse the collection


Sorted by occupation

Not knowm / Anhysbys

Place of birth: South Wales

Service: Brickmaker

Notes: This young woman moulding silica clay bricks was photographed for the Employment of Women collection at the newly established Imperial War Museum, c 1917.

Reference: WaW0184

Young woman moulding bricks

Brickmaker

Young woman moulding bricks


Not known / Anhysbys

Place of birth: South Wales

Service: Brickmaker

Notes: This woman moulding silica bricks was photographed for the Employment of Women collection at the newly established Imperial War Museum, c.1917.

Reference: WaW0189

Woman moulding bricks

Brickmaker

Woman moulding bricks


Edith Haines (Spridgeon)

Service: Bus Conductress

Notes: Edith Haines was one of the first women bus conductresses in Swansea

Reference: WaW0074

Edith Haines in bus conductress's uniform

Edith Haines

Edith Haines in bus conductress's uniform

Edith Haines (née Spridgeon, right), with Maggie (unknown, left), and  Nellie Spridgeon centre

Edith Haines (right), with Maggie (unknown, left), and Nellie Spridgeon centre

Edith Haines (née Spridgeon, right), with Maggie (unknown, left), and Nellie Spridgeon centre


Beatrice Eveline Jones (Eveline)

Place of birth: Llanbedr, Crickhowell ?

Service: Cellist

Notes: Beatrice and her sister Auriol were professional musicians. She played at many concerts to raise funds for the Red Cross, as well as appearing professionally. She was a soloist at a Promenade Concert in the Queens Hall, London, in 1915. Her professional career developed further after the War. Her performance was admired by the poet and critic Ezra Pound in 1920, and she played in the first classical music broadcast on the BBC in June 1922, together with a pianist and a singer. Her professional name was Beatrice Eveline.

Reference: WaW0226

‘Beatrice Eveline’. cellist

Beatrice Eveline Jones

‘Beatrice Eveline’. cellist

Report of a concert to raise funds for the Belgian Field Hospital, May 1915.

Newspaper article

Report of a concert to raise funds for the Belgian Field Hospital, May 1915.


Invitation to the ‘Welcome Home Boys’ concert, December 23rd 1919.

Invitation

Invitation to the ‘Welcome Home Boys’ concert, December 23rd 1919.


Elsie Agnes Courtis

Place of birth: Llandaff, 1894

Service: Chauffeuse, FANY, 1914 - 1918

Notes: Elsie originally signed up for ‘kitchen or nursing duties’, but later became an ambulance driver. She was awarded the Military Medal in 1917 ‘for bravery in rescuing wounded under fire in France’.

Reference: WaW0129

Photograph of women, including Elsie Courtis, who were awarded the Military Medal, 1918.

Women awarded the Military Medal

Photograph of women, including Elsie Courtis, who were awarded the Military Medal, 1918.

Elsie Courtis’s award of the Military Medal recorded in the London Gazette, 26th June 1918

London Gazette, 26th June 1918

Elsie Courtis’s award of the Military Medal recorded in the London Gazette, 26th June 1918


One of Elsie Courtis’s VAD record cards.

VAD record card

One of Elsie Courtis’s VAD record cards.


Etheldreda Morris

Place of birth: Penbryn

Service: Chief Lady Welfare Superintendent , NEF Pembrey

Notes: Etheldreda, the daughter of the Welsh poet Lewis Morris, was awarded the MBE for her work at Pembrey, in a letter signed by Winston Churchill, who was Minister for Munitions 1917 – 1919.

Reference: WaW0147

Etheldreda Morris

Etheldreda Morris

Etheldreda Morris (reverse)

Etheldreda Morris (reverse)


Letter signed by Winston Churchill awarding Etheldreda Morris the MBE. May 1918.

Letter

Letter signed by Winston Churchill awarding Etheldreda Morris the MBE. May 1918.


Elizabeth Edmunds

Service: Chief Lady Welfare Superintendent, NEF Pembrey

Notes: Chief Lady Welfare Superintendent, NEF Pembrey (munitions). Awarded the MBE in January 1919.

Reference: WaW0139

Elizabeth Edmunds, chief Lady Welfare Superintendent, NEF Pembrey.

Elizabeth Edmunds

Elizabeth Edmunds, chief Lady Welfare Superintendent, NEF Pembrey.

Reverse of photograph of Elizabeth Edmunds


Caroline Jackson Davies

Place of birth: Llandovery

Service: Chief section leader Cook: , WRNS, 22/05/1918

Death: 1918-10-26, Carmarthen, illness/salwch

Notes: aged 22. Buried at Llandingat

Sources: http://www.wwwmp.co.uk/carmarthenshire-war-memorials/

Reference: WaW0005


Mair Jenkins

Place of birth: Swansea

Service: Child

Notes: Possibly a birthday photograph of Mair aged 7 or 8. She was born on 18th April 1908, and is wearing a brand new ‘nurse’s uniform’.

Reference: WaW0125

Mair Jenkins dressed as a nurse, aged 7 or 8.

Mair Jenkins in ‘nurse’s uniform.

Mair Jenkins dressed as a nurse, aged 7 or 8.


Ethel Roberts

Place of birth: Wrexham

Service: Child

Death: 1916/03.09, Moss, Wrexham, Explosion / Ffrwydrad

Memorial: Holy Trinity Church, Gwersyllt, Wrexham, Denbighshire

Notes: Ethel, aged one, died when a souvenir shell brought home by her uncle exploded, killing her and fatally injuring her sister and two cousins. Her uncle Private John Bagnall was seriously injured as well as her mother Sarah Roberts and her aunt Mary Bagnall. The children were buried in two graves in Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, where a memorial to the four girls was dedicated in March 2016.

Sources: http://www.dailypost.co.uk/news/north-wales-news/wrexham-remembers-four-children-killed-11027982

Reference: WaW0220

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Newspaper report

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.

Newspaper Report

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.


Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.

Memorial

Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.



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