Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

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Sorted by occupation

Mary Elizabeth (May) Jones

Place of birth: Llanfairfechan

Service: Stewardess, Cunard Steam Ship Company

Death: 1915/05/17, SS Lusitania, Drowning / Boddi

Memorial: Mercantile Marine Memorial to the Missing, Tower Hill, London

Notes: May had been a senior stewardess with the Cunard Steam Ship Company for many years. She drowned aged 43 when SS Lusitania was torpedoed on 17th May 1917, together with 14 other stewardesses including Jane Howdle [qv]. Eight survived. She was buried with other victims at Old Cobh Cemetery, Queenstown, Ireland.

Sources: http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/maritime/visit/floor-plan/lusitania/people/peoples-stories.aspx?id=15547

Reference: WaW0261

Death Notice of Mary Jones,  North Wales Chronicle 14th May 1915.

Death notice

Death Notice of Mary Jones, North Wales Chronicle 14th May 1915.

Report of memorial service for Mary Jones, Y Clorianydd 19th May 1915rn

Newspaper report

Report of memorial service for Mary Jones, Y Clorianydd 19th May 1915rn


Mary (Polly) Phillips

Place of birth: Swansea ?

Service: Stewardess, Cunard

Notes: Polly Phillips had been a stewardess with the Cunard company from about 1911, based in Glasgow. She was on the Lusitania when it was torpedoed on 7th May 1915. It was not known initially whether she had survived but the good news came when her brother and his family ‘were at church’ in Swansea.

Reference: WaW0276

Report of the survival of Polly Phillips, stewardess on the Lusitania. Cambria Daily Leader 10 May 1915

Newspaper report

Report of the survival of Polly Phillips, stewardess on the Lusitania. Cambria Daily Leader 10 May 1915


Margaret Elizabeth Foulkes (née Hughes)

Place of birth: Sandycroft, Flintshire

Service: Stewardess, S S Lusitania, 1915

Death: 1915/07/05, S S Lusitania, Drowning / Boddi

Memorial: Mercantile Marine Memorial to the Missing, Tower Hill, London

Notes: Margaret Foulkes, was born in Wales and brought up in Liverpool. She was a widow, and had worked on the Lusitania before the final voyage; stewardesses seem to have been employed by the voyage. She drowned when the ship was torpedoed on May 7th 1915, aged 42. Her body was never found.

Reference: WaW0324


Mary Ann Whaley

Place of birth: Cardiff ?

Service: Store hand, WFC [Womens Forage Corps]

Death: 1918, Influenza / Y Fliw

Notes: Mary Ann was a store hand in the Women’s Forage Corps, which sourced and processed feed for the Army’s horses. Over one million horses and mules were used by the British Army during the War, mostly for haulage and transport. Mary Ann was 39 when she died; her next of kin was her father Thomas Whaley of Cardiff.

Sources: Femina Patriae Defensor Paris 1934

Reference: WaW0221

Mary Ann’s name on Nominal Roll of Officials and Member[s] who have died while serving in the W.F.C

Nominal Roll

Mary Ann’s name on Nominal Roll of Officials and Member[s] who have died while serving in the W.F.C


Mary Ann Holland (née ?)

Place of birth: Talywain ?

Service: Storewoman, WRAF

Notes: Mrs Holland was demobilised from the WRAF in October 1919, when she was 30 years old. Her work was described as ‘very good’. She enrolled and worked in London, and was married, though we do not know her maiden name. Her name appears on the Roll of Honour at Pisgah Chapel, Talywain.

Reference: WaW0292

Demobilisation certificate for Mary Ann Holland, 17th October 1919.

Discharge certificate

Demobilisation certificate for Mary Ann Holland, 17th October 1919.

Mrs M A Holland’s name on the Roll of Honour at Pisgah Chapel, Talywain.

Roll of Honour

Mrs M A Holland’s name on the Roll of Honour at Pisgah Chapel, Talywain.


Emily Evans

Service: Street vendor of patent medicines

Notes: Emily Evans of Pembroke Dock was fined £7 for selling potatoes at above the fixed price of 1¾ d per pound. Two witnesses claimed to have been charged 6d and 5½ d per pound. Mrs Evans refused to tell the police where she had purchased the potatoes.

Reference: WaW0304

Report of charge against Emily Evans for profiteering.  Cambria Daily Leader 14th May 1917.

Newspaper report

Report of charge against Emily Evans for profiteering. Cambria Daily Leader 14th May 1917.


Agnes Irene (Renée) Macdonald (James)

Place of birth: Merthyr ?

Service: Student

Notes: Renée MacDonald, born 1898, entered Cardiff University to study science in 1916. She took a BSc in Biology and Botany, followed by an MSc at Swansea and a PhD in Geology and Palaeontology at Imperial College, London.

Reference: WaW0186

Renée McDonald’s entry application for Aberdare Hall, Cardiff University, May 1916.

Entry application for Aberdare Hall, Cardiff University.

Renée McDonald’s entry application for Aberdare Hall, Cardiff University, May 1916.

Aberdare (‘Old’) Hall students 1917. Renée MacDonald is one of them.

Women students

Aberdare (‘Old’) Hall students 1917. Renée MacDonald is one of them.


Margaret Haig Thomas (Mrs/Lady Mackworth, Lady Rhondda)

Place of birth: London

Service: Suffragette, business woman, Commissioner and Controller, editor and publisher, Women’s National Service Department, Ministry of

Death: 1958/07/20, London, Cause not known

Notes: Margaret Haig Thomas, born 1883, was the only child of D.A.Thomas MP, first Viscount Rhondda, and his wife Sybil. The family home was in Llanwern. The family were supporters of women’s suffrage, and Margaret joined the WSPU in Newport in 1909, becoming increasingly militant. In June 1913 she spent six days in Usk Gaol following an attempt to burn out a pillar box in Newport. She strongly supported the war, but did not follow Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst’s extreme jingoism. After working on behalf of Belgian refugees in the early months of the war, she was travelling to New York in the Lusitania, with her father, when it was hit by a German torpedo and sunk on 7th May 1915. Margaret and her father both survived, though she was unconscious in the water for over two hours. [click on the link for her account recorded in 1950 http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p02qvqwp ]. In 1916 she began work for the Ministry of National Service in Wales, and London, becoming Commissioner of Women’s National Service in Wales and Monmouthshire early in 1917, particularly charged with encouraging girls and women into agriculture. Soon she was also heavily recruiting young women for the WAAC, particularly those qualified to work as army clerks in France. Women were also needed for the newly formed WRNS and WRAF. In February 1918 she was appointed Chief Controller of the Women’s Section of the Ministry of National Service.rnOn the death of her father in 1918 Margaret inherited the title of Lady Rhondda. She continued in business and public life for many years after the war.rn

Sources: Angela V John Turning the Tide’, Parthian Books 2013 http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p02qvqwp

Reference: WaW0257

Advertisement for a meeting in Brecon to be addressed by Lady Mackworth. Brecon County Times 12th April 1917

Newspaper advertisement

Advertisement for a meeting in Brecon to be addressed by Lady Mackworth. Brecon County Times 12th April 1917

First section of a long report of Lady Mackworth’s experiences in the sinking of the Lusitania.  Cambrian Daily Leader 10th May 1915. For full account go to http://newspapers.library.wales/search?alt=full_text%3A%22Lady%22+AND+full_text%3A%22Mackworth%22&range%5Bmin%5D=1915-1-01T00%3A00%3A00Z&range%5Bmax%5D=1915-12-31T00%3A00%3A00Z&page=5

Newspaper report

First section of a long report of Lady Mackworth’s experiences in the sinking of the Lusitania. Cambrian Daily Leader 10th May 1915. For full account go to http://newspapers.library.wales/search?alt=full_text%3A%22Lady%22+AND+full_text%3A%22Mackworth%22&range%5Bmin%5D=1915-1-01T00%3A00%3A00Z&range%5Bmax%5D=1915-12-31T00%3A00%3A00Z&page=5


Report of Mrs Mackworth’s release from Usk Gaol. Aberdare Leader 19th July 1913.

Newspaper report

Report of Mrs Mackworth’s release from Usk Gaol. Aberdare Leader 19th July 1913.

Photograph of newly recruited WAAC clerks on the steps of the Law Courts, Cardiff, June 1917. They are about to leave for France. Margaret Mackworth is front right

Photograph of WAAC clerks

Photograph of newly recruited WAAC clerks on the steps of the Law Courts, Cardiff, June 1917. They are about to leave for France. Margaret Mackworth is front right


Margaret Mackworth’s article on National Service for Welsh women, in the periodical Welsh Outlook, vol 4, no 7, July 1917.

Welsh Outlook

Margaret Mackworth’s article on National Service for Welsh women, in the periodical Welsh Outlook, vol 4, no 7, July 1917.

Advertisement for Women’s War Work Week exhibition, held at Howells department store, Cardiff, April 1918.

Newspaper advertisement

Advertisement for Women’s War Work Week exhibition, held at Howells department store, Cardiff, April 1918.


Dorothea Adelaide Lawry Pughe Jones

Place of birth: Surrey

Service: Suffragist, Commandant, Ethnographer, Educationalist, Public servant, Church Warden, Heiress., VAD, 1914 - 1920

Death: 1955, Cause not known

Notes: Dorothea Pughe Jones, born 1875, inherited Ynysgain, Cricieth from her father in 1897. Following his death she attended Oxford University where she studied history followed by a diploma in ethnography. She was awarded a prize at the 1901 National Eisteddfod for a Welsh history textbook. In 1902 she was part of a British Government team inspecting education in the concentration camps for Boers in South Africa. In 1910 she was one of the founders of the Bangor and District Women’s Suffrage Society. She joined the VAD in 1914, initially as Quartermaster of Caernarfon, but volunteered for service in France in 1915. She was Commandant of the Hotel des Anglaises, the hostel for the relatives of wounded officers in Le Touquet, France, for which she was awarded the MBE. Whilst in France she was appointed Churchwarden in Cricieth despite objections that she was ‘a lady’. In November 1918 she was posted to Salonika as Principal Commandant of the VAD, until May 1920. After her return she was sent by the Government to research openings for women in Australia.

Sources: GB 0210 YNYSGAIN - Pughe-Jones of Ynysgain Collection of Deeds and Papers National Library of Wales Women members and witnesses on British Government ad hoc Committees of Inquiry Elaine Harrison, London School of Economics, Doctor of Philosophy, 1998.

Reference: WaW0320

Dorothea Pughe Jones in VAD Commandant’s uniform.

Dorothea Pughe Jones

Dorothea Pughe Jones in VAD Commandant’s uniform.

Red Cross card for Dorothea Pughe Jones. She had three cards in all.

Red Cross record card

Red Cross card for Dorothea Pughe Jones. She had three cards in all.


Reverse of card listing Dorothea’s VAD career.

Red Cross record card (reverse)

Reverse of card listing Dorothea’s VAD career.

Report of Dorothea Pughe Jones’s Eisteddfod prize. Cambrian News 23rd August 1901.

Newspaper report

Report of Dorothea Pughe Jones’s Eisteddfod prize. Cambrian News 23rd August 1901.


Report of Dorothea Pughe Jones’s return from South Africa. Cambrian News 8th May 1903.

Newspaper report

Report of Dorothea Pughe Jones’s return from South Africa. Cambrian News 8th May 1903.

Report of meeting of AGM of Bangor and District Women’s Suffrage Society.  North Wales Express  2nd December 1910.

Newspaper report

Report of meeting of AGM of Bangor and District Women’s Suffrage Society. North Wales Express 2nd December 1910.


Postcard of Hotel des Anglaises, the VAD hostel in Le Touquet run by Dorothea Pughe Jones.

Postcard

Postcard of Hotel des Anglaises, the VAD hostel in Le Touquet run by Dorothea Pughe Jones.

Report of Dorothea’s appointment as churchwarden.  North Wales Chronicle 20th April 1917.

Newspaper report

Report of Dorothea’s appointment as churchwarden. North Wales Chronicle 20th April 1917.


Australian newspaper report of Dorothea Pughe Jones’s role in the enquiry into openings in Australia for women from the UK. The Advertiser 10th January 1920 Adelaide S Australia.

Newspaper report

Australian newspaper report of Dorothea Pughe Jones’s role in the enquiry into openings in Australia for women from the UK. The Advertiser 10th January 1920 Adelaide S Australia.


Eliza Davies (née Belton)

Place of birth: Norfolk

Service: Supervisor, munitions, NEF Pembrey

Notes: Originally from Norforlk, Eliza was in service in Builth when she met her husband Huw Davies and they moved to Fforest Fach. Huw died in 1916 and Eliza began work at Pembrey, being promoted to supervisor. In 1920 she was awarded the MoBE ‘for courage and presence of mind in removing a burning fuze from a box of components, thus obviating what might have been a very serious explosion’. Her eldest daughter Mabel Elsie [qv] also worked at Pembrey.

Sources: Peoples Collection Wales

Reference: WaW0321

Eliza Davies and her family, probably taken in 1916 while they were still in mourning for Huw. Mrs Dorothy Jones 2018.

Eliza Davies and family

Eliza Davies and her family, probably taken in 1916 while they were still in mourning for Huw. Mrs Dorothy Jones 2018.

Notice of Eliza Davies’s award of the MoBE, London Gazette 7th July 1920.

London Gazette

Notice of Eliza Davies’s award of the MoBE, London Gazette 7th July 1920.


Letting inviting Eliza Davies to her award of the MoBE, 23rd September 1920. Mrs Dorothy Jones 2018.

Letter

Letting inviting Eliza Davies to her award of the MoBE, 23rd September 1920. Mrs Dorothy Jones 2018.



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