Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

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Sorted by occupation

Mabel Sybil (May) Leslie (Burr)

Place of birth: Woodlesford near Leeds

Service: Chemist, HM Factory Penrhyndeudraeth, 1915 - 1918

Death: 1937/07/03, Bardsey, Leeds, Cancer / canser

Notes: May Leslie was born 1887, the daughter of a miner. Her father was very interested in education and self-improvement, for himself and his children. May won scholarships to High School and to Leeds University, where she gained First Class Honours in Chemistry in 1908, followed by a three year scholarship to study with Marie Curie in Paris. In 1914 she obtained an assistant lecturer’s post at University College Bangor, and in 1915 was called on to start work in the Explosive Factory in Litherland. She was promoted to Chemist in Charge of a Laboratory, a very rare position for a woman, and then moved into the same role at H M Factory Penrhyndeudraeth, working on explosives. This job ended with the War, and she returned to academic life in England.

Sources: https://newwoodlesford.xyz/schools/may-sybil-leslie/ \r\nDevotion to Their Science: Pioneer Women of Radioactivity, Rayner-Canham Marelene and Geoffrey

Reference: WaW0438

May Sybil Leslie while at University College Bangor

Photograph

May Sybil Leslie while at University College Bangor

May Sybil Leslie, Leeds University, c.1920

Photograph

May Sybil Leslie, Leeds University, c.1920


Margaret K Turner

Service: Chemistry demonstrator, University College Aberystwyth / Coleg Prifysgol A, 1915

Notes: Margaret was appointed Demonstrator in the Chemistry department of Aberystwyth University early in the war. She worked on the preparation of diethylamine, an inhibitor used in pharmaceuticals. At the end of this contract she wrote to the War Committee of the Institute of Chemistry ‘I can put all my time and energy at your service for the next 6 weeks, and am anxious to know whether the few helpers down here could not be allowed to contribute further to the needs of the country? I should be much obliged if you could inform me whether there is any other preparations we can make, as I, for one, am willing and eager to give up all ideas of holidays whilst there remains so much to be done’. We do not know if this offer was taken up.

Sources: Chemistry Was Their Life: Pioneer British Women Chemists 1880 – 1949. Marelene Rayner-Canham & Geoff Rayner-Canham Imperial College Press 2008

Reference: WaW0312


Etheldreda Morris

Place of birth: Penbryn

Service: Chief Lady Welfare Superintendent , NEF Pembrey

Notes: Etheldreda, the daughter of the Welsh poet Lewis Morris, was awarded the MBE for her work at Pembrey, in a letter signed by Winston Churchill, who was Minister for Munitions 1917 – 1919.

Reference: WaW0147

Etheldreda Morris

Etheldreda Morris

Etheldreda Morris (reverse)

Etheldreda Morris (reverse)


Letter signed by Winston Churchill awarding Etheldreda Morris the MBE. May 1918.

Letter

Letter signed by Winston Churchill awarding Etheldreda Morris the MBE. May 1918.


Elizabeth Edmunds

Service: Chief Lady Welfare Superintendent, NEF Pembrey

Notes: Chief Lady Welfare Superintendent, NEF Pembrey (munitions). Awarded the MBE in January 1919.

Reference: WaW0139

Elizabeth Edmunds, chief Lady Welfare Superintendent, NEF Pembrey.

Elizabeth Edmunds

Elizabeth Edmunds, chief Lady Welfare Superintendent, NEF Pembrey.

Reverse of photograph of Elizabeth Edmunds


Caroline Jackson Davies

Place of birth: Llandovery

Service: Chief section leader Cook: , WRNS, 22/05/1918

Death: 1918-10-26, Carmarthen, illness/salwch

Notes: aged 22. Buried at Llandingat

Sources: http://www.wwwmp.co.uk/carmarthenshire-war-memorials/

Reference: WaW0005


Mair Jenkins

Place of birth: Swansea

Service: Child

Notes: Possibly a birthday photograph of Mair aged 7 or 8. She was born on 18th April 1908, and is wearing a brand new ‘nurse’s uniform’.

Reference: WaW0125

Mair Jenkins dressed as a nurse, aged 7 or 8.

Mair Jenkins in ‘nurse’s uniform.

Mair Jenkins dressed as a nurse, aged 7 or 8.


Ethel Roberts

Place of birth: Wrexham

Service: Child

Death: 1916/03.09, Moss, Wrexham, Explosion / Ffrwydrad

Memorial: Holy Trinity Church, Gwersyllt, Wrexham, Denbighshire

Notes: Ethel, aged one, died when a souvenir shell brought home by her uncle exploded, killing her and fatally injuring her sister and two cousins. Her uncle Private John Bagnall was seriously injured as well as her mother Sarah Roberts and her aunt Mary Bagnall. The children were buried in two graves in Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, where a memorial to the four girls was dedicated in March 2016.

Sources: http://www.dailypost.co.uk/news/north-wales-news/wrexham-remembers-four-children-killed-11027982

Reference: WaW0220

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Newspaper report

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.

Newspaper Report

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.


Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.

Memorial

Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.


Mary Frances Roberts

Place of birth: Wrexham

Service: Child

Death: 1916/03/09, Moss, Wrexham, Explosion / Ffrwydrad

Memorial: Holy Trinity Church, Gwersyllt, Wrexham, Denbighshire

Notes: Mary, aged four, died when a souvenir shell brought home by her uncle exploded, killing her sister and fatally injuring her and her two cousins. Her uncle Private John Bagnall was seriously injured as well as her mother Sarah Roberts and her aunt Mary Bagnall. The children were buried in two graves in Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, where a memorial to the four girls was dedicated in March 2016.

Sources: http://www.dailypost.co.uk/news/north-wales-news/wrexham-remembers-four-children-killed-11027982

Reference: WaW0219

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Newspaper report

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.rnrn

Newspaper report

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.rnrn


Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.

Newspaper report

Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.


Sarah Hannah Bagnall

Place of birth: Wrexham

Service: Child

Death: 1916/03/09, Moss, Wrexham, Explosion / Ffrwydrad

Memorial: Holy Trinity Church, Gwersyllt, Wrexham, Denbighshire

Notes: Sarah, aged 1, died when a souvenir shell brought home by her father exploded, killing or fatally injuring her and her three cousins. Her mother Mary Bagnall was seriously injured as well as her father and aunt Sarah Roberts. The children were buried in two graves in Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, where a memorial to the four girls was dedicated in March 2016.

Sources: http://www.dailypost.co.uk/news/north-wales-news/wrexham-remembers-four-children-killed-11027982

Reference: WaW0217

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Newspaper report

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.

Newspaper report

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.


Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.

Newspaper report

Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.


Violet Williams

Place of birth: Wrexham

Service: Child

Death: 1916/03/09, Moss, Wrexham, Explosion / Ffrwydrad

Memorial: Holy Trinity Church, Gwersyllt, Wrexham, Denbighshire

Notes: Violet, aged seven, died when a souvenir shell brought home by her uncle exploded, killing or fatally injuring her and her three cousins. Her uncle Private John Bagnall was seriously injured as well as her aunts Mary Bagnall and Sarah Roberts. The children were buried in two graves in Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, where a memorial to the four girls was dedicated in March 2016.

Sources: http://www.dailypost.co.uk/news/north-wales-news/wrexham-remembers-four-children-killed-11027982

Reference: WaW0218

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916.

Newspaper report

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916.

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.

Newspaper report

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.


Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.

Newspaper report

Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.



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