Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

Browse the collection


Sorted by unit

Fannie A Jones

Place of birth: Anglesey

Service: Nurse, VAD

Notes: Fannie’s VAD record is rather peculiar. According to her card (which has had the initial changed from F to E), she joined the VAD in January 1916 and worked for 1 hour. However it does say she has worked at Fazackerley War Hospital in Liverpool, and the North Wales Chronicle for 23rd March 1917 records her award of the Royal Red Cross.

Reference: WaW0403

Red Cross card for Fannie Jones, showing the change of F to E.

Red Cross record card

Red Cross card for Fannie Jones, showing the change of F to E.

‘No more information’

Red Cross record card [reverse]

‘No more information’


Report of award of Royal Red Cross to Fannie Jones. North Wales Chronicle 23rd March 1917

Newspaper report

Report of award of Royal Red Cross to Fannie Jones. North Wales Chronicle 23rd March 1917


Ethel Vaughan Owen

Place of birth: Llanidloes

Service: Nurse, VAD

Notes: Ethel, a doctor’s daughter, joined the VAD in 1915. Her service included postings to the Hospital Ship Britannia and to Valletta Hospital, Malta, where she became seriously ill with dysentery, but recovered. Many did not. rn

Reference: WaW0402

Red cross card for Ethel Vaughan Owen, showing her overseas service.rn

Red Cross record card [reverse]

Red cross card for Ethel Vaughan Owen, showing her overseas service.rn

Report of Ethel Vaughan Owen’s  award of a Red Cross stripe.

Report of Ethel Vaughan Owen’s award of a Red Cross stripe.


Red cross card for Ethel Vaughan Owen.

Red Cross record card

Red cross card for Ethel Vaughan Owen.


Lily Stock

Place of birth: Pontypool

Service: Nurse, VAD, November 1917 – August 1919

Notes: Lily served with the VAD in Hospitals in Bristol and Colchester. She was paid, her pay rising from £12 per annum to £20 per annum. Her name appears on the Griffithstown Baptist Church Roll of Honour – possibly twice, as both Nurse Stock and Lily Stock are named. There are two sets of Red Cross cards, one naming Beatrice Lily Stock and one just Lily. Otherwise the details are the same.

Reference: WaW0416

Red Cross card with name Beatrice Lily

Red Cross record card

Red Cross card with name Beatrice Lily

Red Cross card with name Lily

Red Cross record card

Red Cross card with name Lily


Griffithstown Baptist Church Roll of Honour showing names of Nurse Stock and Lily Stock. Thanks to Gethin Matthews.

Griffithstown Baptist Church Roll of Honour

Griffithstown Baptist Church Roll of Honour showing names of Nurse Stock and Lily Stock. Thanks to Gethin Matthews.


Mary Evans

Place of birth: Swansea ?

Service: Masseuse, VAD, 1914 - 1918

Notes: Mary Evans was a professional masseuse who volunteered for the VAD in four Red Cross Hospitals. Her health broke down in 1918, and she herself was admitted to hospital. Her practice was taken over by Mr and Mrs Walton in 1919.

Reference: WaW0418

Record card for Mary Evans

Red Cross record card

Record card for Mary Evans

Record card for Mary Evans giving details of her VAD service

Red Cross record card [reverse]

Record card for Mary Evans giving details of her VAD service


Notice of the Waltons taking over Miss Evans’s practice. Cambria Daily Leader 23rd December 1919

Newspaper advertisement

Notice of the Waltons taking over Miss Evans’s practice. Cambria Daily Leader 23rd December 1919

Miss May Evans’s name on the Roll of Honour Henrietta Street Chapel, Swansea. Thanks to Gethin Matthews.

Roll of Honour

Miss May Evans’s name on the Roll of Honour Henrietta Street Chapel, Swansea. Thanks to Gethin Matthews.


Queenie Parry

Place of birth: Ebbw Vale ?

Service: Nurse, Munitions worker, VAD, March 1915 – May 1918 Mawrth

Notes: Queenie was originally a member of Ebbw Vale VAD, but transferred to Maindiff Court Hospital Abergavenny. She worked there as a night nurse on £20 p.a. She then moved to work in munitions at Rotherwas, Hereford. She offered to come back to Maindiff Court if needed.rn

Reference: WaW0424

Record of Queenie Parry’s VAD work.

Red Cross record card

Record of Queenie Parry’s VAD work.

Reverse of Queenie Parry’s card with details of her move to munitions.

Red Cross record card [reverse]

Reverse of Queenie Parry’s card with details of her move to munitions.


R Ellis

Place of birth: Aberystwyth ?

Service: Masseuse, VAD, 1919 -

Notes: Miss R Ellis was working as a masseuse at Red Cross Hospital Aberystwyth, which was closed down in 1919. Temporary arrangements were made to enable her to continue working with disabled ex-servicemen in the Infirmary.

Reference: WaW0420

Report of the working arrangements made for Miss Ellis. Cambrian News 25 April 1919.

Newspaper report

Report of the working arrangements made for Miss Ellis. Cambrian News 25 April 1919.


Elizabeth Phillips Hughes

Place of birth: Carmarthen

Service: Educationalist, traveller, commandant, VAD, 1814 - 1919

Death: 1925/12/19, Barry, Cause not known

Notes: Elizabeth Phillips Hughes was 63 when WWI broke out. She had a distinguished record of work. An early student at Newnham College Cambridge, she set up the first teacher training college in Cambridge in1885. In later years. She travelled across the US to study prison reform, and then to Japan as a visiting lecturer in English at the University of Tokyo (1901 -02). She was a keen mountaineer, climbing the Matterhorn at the age of 48. On her return to Wales, she was the only women on the committee drafting the university of Wales’s first charter. She was a member and organiser of the British Red Cross before the War, and became Commandant of the Dock View Red Cross Hospital in Barry. In 1917 Elizabeth Hughes was the first ‘lady recipient’ of the new MBE in Wales. Hughes Hall Cambridge is named after her.

Reference: WaW0439

Photograph of Elizabeth Hughes taken in the 1890s.

Elizabeth Phillips Hughes

Photograph of Elizabeth Hughes taken in the 1890s.

Red Cross record for Elizabeth Phillips Hughes.

Red Cross record card

Red Cross record for Elizabeth Phillips Hughes.


Red Cross record for Elizabeth Hughes Phillips, with typed details of her Red Cross service.

Red Cross record card [reverse]

Red Cross record for Elizabeth Hughes Phillips, with typed details of her Red Cross service.

Elizabeth Phillips Hughes’s award of MBE in the London Gazette, 24th August 1917.

London Gazette

Elizabeth Phillips Hughes’s award of MBE in the London Gazette, 24th August 1917.


First part of a long report recording Elizabeth Phillips Hughes’s award of the MBE, with a long account of her achievements. Barry Dock News 31st August 1917 [1]

Newspaper report

First part of a long report recording Elizabeth Phillips Hughes’s award of the MBE, with a long account of her achievements. Barry Dock News 31st August 1917 [1]

Part of a long report recording Elizabeth Phillips Hughes’s award of the MBE, with a long account of her achievements. Barry Dock News 31st August 1917 [2]

Newspaper report

Part of a long report recording Elizabeth Phillips Hughes’s award of the MBE, with a long account of her achievements. Barry Dock News 31st August 1917 [2]


Part of a long report recording Elizabeth Phillips Hughes’s award of the MBE, with a long account of her achievements. Barry Dock News 31st August 1917 [3]

Newspaper report

Part of a long report recording Elizabeth Phillips Hughes’s award of the MBE, with a long account of her achievements. Barry Dock News 31st August 1917 [3]

Part of a long report recording Elizabeth Phillips Hughes’s award of the MBE, with a long account of her achievements. Barry Dock News 31st August 1917 [4]

Newspaper report

Part of a long report recording Elizabeth Phillips Hughes’s award of the MBE, with a long account of her achievements. Barry Dock News 31st August 1917 [4]


Final part of a long report recording Elizabeth Phillips Hughes’s award of the MBE, with a long account of her achievements. Barry Dock News 31st August 1917 [5]

Newspaper report

Final part of a long report recording Elizabeth Phillips Hughes’s award of the MBE, with a long account of her achievements. Barry Dock News 31st August 1917 [5]


Nancy Roberts

Service: Nurse, VAD ?

Notes: Nothing is known of Nancy Roberts. Her name appears at no 60 on the Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London.

Reference: WaW0201

Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London

Roll of Honour

Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London

Nancy Roberts’s name on Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London

Nancy Roberts’s name on Roll of Honour

Nancy Roberts’s name on Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London


Mary Andrews

Place of birth: Briton Ferry

Service: Nurse, VAD ?

Notes: Mary Andrews was awarded the Royal Red Cross in May 1919. She served at Oswestry Military Hospital.

Reference: WaW0272


Marjorie Wagstaff

Place of birth: Newport ?

Service: ‘Shaving lady’, VAD ?

Notes: Marjorie Wagstaff was a volunteer from Newport who would go in to the Newport Section of the 3rd Western General Military Hospital twice a week to shave the patients. By the end of the war she had performed over 2,000 shaves. Her picture featured in the Daily Mirror as well as the South Wales Argus.

Reference: WaW0336

Marjorie Wagstaff, pictured in the South Wales Argus. Thanks to Peter Strong.

Marjorie Wagstaff

Marjorie Wagstaff, pictured in the South Wales Argus. Thanks to Peter Strong.



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