Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

Browse the collection


Sorted by cause of death

Martha Emily Jenkins

Place of birth: Liverpool

Service: Stewardess, SS Aguila

Death: 1915/03/27, SS Aguila / Pembrokeshire coast, Drowning / Boddi

Memorial: Tower Hill Memorial, London

Notes: Martha Jenkins, Liverpool born but of Welsh extraction, was a stewardess on SS Aguila trading between Liverpool and the Canaries. The ship was torpedoed by a German U Boat off the coast of Pembrokeshire. Eight lives were lost including an un-named female passenger.

Sources: http://www.benjidog.co.uk/Tower%20Hill/WW1%20Agenoria%20to%20Alaunia.html#Aguila

Reference: WaW0173

Martha Emily Jenkins, stewardess, drowned 1915

Martha Emily Jenkins

Martha Emily Jenkins, stewardess, drowned 1915

Medal Record Card for Martha Emily Jenkins

Medal Record card

Medal Record Card for Martha Emily Jenkins


Part of report of the sinking of SS Aguila, Abergavenny Chronicle 2nd April 1915

Newspaper report

Part of report of the sinking of SS Aguila, Abergavenny Chronicle 2nd April 1915


Mary Elizabeth (May) Jones

Place of birth: Llanfairfechan

Service: Stewardess, Cunard Steam Ship Company

Death: 1915/05/17, SS Lusitania, Drowning / Boddi

Memorial: Mercantile Marine Memorial to the Missing, Tower Hill, London

Notes: May had been a senior stewardess with the Cunard Steam Ship Company for many years. She drowned aged 43 when SS Lusitania was torpedoed on 17th May 1917, together with 14 other stewardesses including Jane Howdle [qv]. Eight survived. She was buried with other victims at Old Cobh Cemetery, Queenstown, Ireland.

Sources: http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/maritime/visit/floor-plan/lusitania/people/peoples-stories.aspx?id=15547

Reference: WaW0261

Death Notice of Mary Jones,  North Wales Chronicle 14th May 1915.

Death notice

Death Notice of Mary Jones, North Wales Chronicle 14th May 1915.

Report of memorial service for Mary Jones, Y Clorianydd 19th May 1915rn

Newspaper report

Report of memorial service for Mary Jones, Y Clorianydd 19th May 1915rn


Anne Davies

Place of birth: Gowerton

Service: Mother

Death: 1915/05/07, S S Lusitania, Drowning / Boddi

Notes: Anne Davies, aged 52, was originally from Gowerton, but emigrated to America in about 1885. She lived in Ontario, Canada, but had been visiting her daughter in Llanelli. She was returning home on the Lusitania when it was torpedoed off the Irish coast. Her body was one of the first to be recovered, and she is buried in Cobh Old Town cemetery, Queenstown.

Reference: WaW0277

Article with photograph of Anne Davies, at that point missing after the sinking of the Lusitania. Cambria Daily Leader 10th May 1915

Newspaper report and photograph

Article with photograph of Anne Davies, at that point missing after the sinking of the Lusitania. Cambria Daily Leader 10th May 1915

Report confirming the death of Anne Davies. Cambria Daily Leader 19th May 1915

Newspaper report

Report confirming the death of Anne Davies. Cambria Daily Leader 19th May 1915


Margaret Elizabeth Foulkes (née Hughes)

Place of birth: Sandycroft, Flintshire

Service: Stewardess, S S Lusitania, 1915

Death: 1915/07/05, S S Lusitania, Drowning / Boddi

Memorial: Mercantile Marine Memorial to the Missing, Tower Hill, London

Notes: Margaret Foulkes, was born in Wales and brought up in Liverpool. She was a widow, and had worked on the Lusitania before the final voyage; stewardesses seem to have been employed by the voyage. She drowned when the ship was torpedoed on May 7th 1915, aged 42. Her body was never found.

Reference: WaW0324


Annie Crosby

Place of birth: Liverpool

Service: Passenger

Death: 1915-05-07, SS Lusitania, Drowning/Boddi

Memorial: War memorial, Bagillt, Flintshire

Notes: aged 36, drowned with her sister Ellen in the sinking of the Lusitania

Sources: http://www.flintshirewarmemorials.com; www.rmslusitania.info/

Reference: WaW0003


Louisa Parry

Place of birth: Holyhead

Service: Stewardess, CPSPCo, 1914 - 1918

Death: 1918/10/10, RMS Leinster, Drowning/Boddi

Memorial: War Memorial, Holyhead, Anglesey

Notes: aged 22. RMS Leinster was torpedoed in the Irish Sea. LP died together with Hannah Owen.

Sources: http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?/topic/3929-wanted-photos-nationwide/&page=19

Reference: WaW0042

Name of Louisa Parry on Holyhead War Memorial

Holyhead War Memorial

Name of Louisa Parry on Holyhead War Memorial

Name of Louisa Parry in the Welsh National Book of Remembrance

Welsh National Book of Remembrance

Name of Louisa Parry in the Welsh National Book of Remembrance


Annie Alice Guy

Place of birth: Newport

Service: Nursing sister, SWH, 1916

Death: 1916/08/21, Salonika, Dysentery

Notes: Alice Annie Guy died 21st August 1916, Scottish Women’s Hospital and Serbian Army, Nursing Sister, Former Superintendent of the Devonshire Hospital, Buxton. Buried in Salonika (Lembet Road) Military Cemetery. Her name also appears on the WW1 Roll of Honour Book kept in Newport Reference Library.

Sources: http://scottishwomenshospitals.co.uk/women/

Reference: WaW0142

Name of Alice Annie Guy, Newport Roll of Honour

Newport Roll of Honour

Name of Alice Annie Guy, Newport Roll of Honour

Newspaper report of the death of Sister Guy

Alice Annie Guy

Newspaper report of the death of Sister Guy


Jane Jenkins

Place of birth: Landore

Service: Munitions Worker

Death: 1918-11-18, NEF Pembrey, Explosion / Ffrwydrad

Memorial: Cenotaph, Swansea, Glamorgan

Notes: aged 21. She was killed in the same explosion as Edith Copham and Mary Fitzmaurice

Sources: Adroddiad am y ffrwydrad Herald of Wales 14eg Rhagfyr 1914

Reference: WaW0030

Name of Jane Jenkins on Swansea Cenotaph

Swansea Cenotaph

Name of Jane Jenkins on Swansea Cenotaph

Explosion report Herald of Wales 14th December 1918

Newspaper report

Explosion report Herald of Wales 14th December 1918


Elsie Lavinia Gibbs

Place of birth: Grangetown, Cardiff

Service: Munitions worker

Death: 1918/07/01, National Shell Factory, Chilwell, Nottingham, Explosion / Ffrwydrad

Memorial: Saltmead Gospel Hall, Grangetown, Cardiff, Glamorgan

Notes: Elsie was born in 1901, and lied about her age to work in munitions (minimum age was 18). She was posted to the National Shell Filling Factory, Chilwell in Nottingham, where she died in the explosion that killed 133 others, the worst civilian tragedy during the War. Her body was never identified, and she was buried in a mass grave with 101 other unidentified victims.

Sources: www.grangetownwar.co.uk

Reference: WaW0211

Group of munitions workers. Elsie is to the right of the man with the moustache, collar and tie, middle row. Presumably taken at Chilwell.

Munitions workers

Group of munitions workers. Elsie is to the right of the man with the moustache, collar and tie, middle row. Presumably taken at Chilwell.

Part of Chilwell Factory after the explosion of 1st July, 1918

After the explosion

Part of Chilwell Factory after the explosion of 1st July, 1918


Copy of Elsie’s death certificate, giving cause of death ‘presumed killed as result of explosion – Deceased know[n] to have been in works at time and since missing’. It gives her age, erroneously, as 19, and describes her as a ‘powder worker, daughter of Albert Gibbs’ with a Nottingham address. Her father was Albert Gibbs, but he lived in Dorset St, Grangetown, Cardiff.

Death certificate

Copy of Elsie’s death certificate, giving cause of death ‘presumed killed as result of explosion – Deceased know[n] to have been in works at time and since missing’. It gives her age, erroneously, as 19, and describes her as a ‘powder worker, daughter of Albert Gibbs’ with a Nottingham address. Her father was Albert Gibbs, but he lived in Dorset St, Grangetown, Cardiff.

Elsie Gibbs’s name on the War Memorial, Saltmead Gospel Hall, Grangetown, Cardiff

Memorial

Elsie Gibbs’s name on the War Memorial, Saltmead Gospel Hall, Grangetown, Cardiff


Ethel Roberts

Place of birth: Wrexham

Service: Child

Death: 1916/03.09, Moss, Wrexham, Explosion / Ffrwydrad

Memorial: Holy Trinity Church, Gwersyllt, Wrexham, Denbighshire

Notes: Ethel, aged one, died when a souvenir shell brought home by her uncle exploded, killing her and fatally injuring her sister and two cousins. Her uncle Private John Bagnall was seriously injured as well as her mother Sarah Roberts and her aunt Mary Bagnall. The children were buried in two graves in Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, where a memorial to the four girls was dedicated in March 2016.

Sources: http://www.dailypost.co.uk/news/north-wales-news/wrexham-remembers-four-children-killed-11027982

Reference: WaW0220

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Newspaper report

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.

Newspaper Report

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.


Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.

Memorial

Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.



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